KPK English 10 Class Notes Cha 1 to Cha 15 Pdf Download
Write a comprehensive note on the reforms introduced by the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Ans Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto used his unlimited powers for the introduction of reforms in the country. Some of the major reforms are described below. Economic Reforms: 1. Many essential commodities were subsidized to bring the prices low down. Farmers were provided with seeds, fertilizers and tractors on low rates.
Crops were purchased from farmers on better rates. The pay, pension and benefits of government servants were revised. Labor Reforms: To protect the rights of workers labor laws were enacted in the country for the first time. Workers were entitled to free medical care and payment in case of injury. Workers were given the right of over time. Old age pension, insurance and bonus were made compulsory. Labor movements and trade unions were protected.
Labor courts were authorized to handle the dismissal cases of workers. Industrial Reforms: Through an ordinance in certain industries were nationalized. These industrial sectors included iron and steel industries, basic metallurgy metal work , heavy engineering, automobiles and tractor assembling plants, heavy electrical engineering plants, oil and gas refineries.
Dozens of industries in these sectors were nationalized but foreign projects operating in the country were not interfered with. These reforms brought the industries under state control but slowed down the private investment too. Similarly all the banks of Pakistan were nationalized and put under the control of State Bank of Pakistan. Educational Institutions: Free education was provided in the schools which were nationalized. Agricultural Reforms: 1.
The upper limit of landownership was reduced from acres to acres for irrigated land and from acres to acres for arid land. The extra land beyond this limit was distributed among peasants. Removal of tenants was prohibited. The tenants were allowed to purchase land form the landlords. It was declared that provision of the seed and water was the responsibility of the owner. Q2 What are the main points of the Constitution? Ans The constitution of was enforced on August 14, Following are the salient features of the constitution.
Federal System of Government: According to the constitution the Pakistan will be a federal state consisting of four provinces, the federal capital, FATA and Northern areas. Parliamentary System: The system of the government will be parliamentary. Prime Minister will be the head of the government and responsible to the parliament. Bicameral Parliament: The parliament will consist of two houses that is National Assembly and Senate.
State Religion: Islam will be the state religion. Preamble of the constitution: Objective Resolution was made the preamble of the constitution.
Fundamental Rights: The parliament is not allowed to enact such laws which are against the fundamental rights of the people. Constitutional amendment: Constitution can be amended by two third majority in both the houses of the parliament. Independent Judiciary: The constitution guarantees the independence of the Judiciary from the executive. Direct Election: The National assembly and all the provincial assemblies are elected for a period of five years through direct elections.
National Language: Urdu is recognized as the national language. Q3 Give a detailed account of the efforts made by Zia for the enforcement of Islamic laws in Pakistan. Ans Soon after talking charge of the state machinery, Zia announced the enforcement of Islamic Hudood and Tazeerat on February 10, The steps taken for the Islamization of society under Zia regime are as under: 1.
Hadood Ordinance: The punishment prescribed by the Shariah for certain acts like drinking, adultery, theft and false allegation were enforced. Zakat Foundation: in February , The Zakat Foundation was established to train the deserving people to end their dependency on Zakat. High Court was to have a Shariat Bench consisting of three Judges and had due powers and could annul any law that it deemed un-Islamic.
Blasphemy Act: Article of the constitution was amended. Anyone found guilty of bad language towards the Prophet or companions Prophet could be punished to three years of rigorous punishments or fine or both.
Pakistan Studies and Islamic Studies as compulsory subjects: Up till graduate level the instruction of Pakistan studies and Islamic Studies was made compulsory. Ramazan Ordinance: In the respect of Ramazan Ordinance was promulgated which banned smoking, eating, and drinking by all Muslims in public places. Violation could result in punishment of three months imprisonment, fine or both. Wafaqi Muhtasib: For the attainment of the objective of accountability in June Zia announced the institution of Wafaqi Muhtasib.
Anyone who felt aggrieved by any government official or department could seek justice by complaining to the Wafaqi Muhtasib. Majlis Shura: For the forging of better links between the government and the masses in December , Zia announced the creation of Majlis Shura. Its role was that of catalyst for accelerating the smooth transition towards an Islamic democratic social order. Write a note on both the governments of Benazir Bhutto. In her first public statement she assured the nation the government will follow the path of peace, freedom, unity and reconciliation.
She took the following steps: 1. To Enhance freedom of press the National Press Trust was dissolved. Political prisoners were freed.
The ban on trade unions was lifted. Benazir and Rajiv Gandhi signed an agreement on not striking the nuclear installations of each other. On August 6, the President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National assembly on the charges of corruption and misuse of power. This time she was adopted a cautious approach. The cabinet was formed with utmost care.
Her relations with bureaucracy were accommodating. Press enjoyed remarkable freedom. Efforts were made to reduce unemployment, improve the rate of literacy, eliminating load shedding, improve the state of healthcare, eradicating drug trafficking, crime and terrorism, and review of foreign policy. The following steps were taken in his government.
NFC National Finance Commission was setup to distribute the resources between federation and provinces. To privatize those institutes which were running in loss, a privatization commission was setup on January 22, Reforms were introduced to increase foreign exchange. Agricultural reforms were introduced to develop agriculture. Shariat Bill was passed from National Assembly. Bait-ul-Mal was established to help the poor.
Self-employment scheme was launched to provide loans to unemployed people. Labour policy was announced which enabled government servants from grade 1 to 16 to receive general allowance. Islamabad-Lahore motorway was conceived. Public Transport Program was started and people were provided road transport vehicles on easy installments. Differences between Nawaz Sharif and president on the appointment of Chief of Army Staff and Eighteen Amendment Bill led to the dissolution of assemblies.
Though court restored the assemblies but again the indirect arbitration of military caused in resignation of the president and dissolution of assemblies. Q6 Write a comprehensive note on the regime of General Pervez Musharraf. Ans Musharraf regime commenced on October 12, when he overthrew the government of Nawaz Shareef.
He assumed the title of Chief Executive till June 19, On June 20, , Musharraf removed Rafiq Ahmad Tarrar from the presidency and assumed this position himself. Major events and steps in Musharaf period.
Local Government Structure: a. After proposing the plan for devolution of power to local government institutions on March 23, , Musharaf on August 14, announced the three-tier character of local government structure.
It consisted of union council, Tehsil town council and district council. The local bodies were to have the prime responsibility for local developments works. The Nazims and Naib Nazims of Union councils were elected directly while those of Tehsil and Districts were elected indirectly. Distrct Nazim headed the district administration. The local governments formed in the Musharaf period completed its tenure in June, Before holding new local government elections, its rules were amended in consultation with Provincial assemblies.
A new Local Government Ordinance was promulgated. The members of Union Council and number of counciloers were reduced from 21 to Referendum: On April 30, , the election commission announced to hold referendum on the question of election the Chief Executive, General Pervz Musharaf, as president of Pakistan for five years. Legal Framework Order On August 21, , Mushraf issued the legal framework order according to which the president would invite the nominees of majority party in the national assembly to take charge as Prime Minister.
The LFO empowers the president to amend the constitution such that the constitutional amendment cannot be challenged in any court.
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Write a paragraph of at least words. Answer the following questions. Why did the Quaid-e-Azam stress the importance of women as equal partners of men in the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims? Describe the role of women in the Pakistan Movement, highlighting their love and aspirations for the new homeland? Choose the correct option. Answer the following question. Q3: Write down the rhyme scheme of the poem Equipment?
Q4: What is the theme of the poem Equipment? Writing A. Q1: What are the main sources of water in Pakistan? Q2: What are the river drainage systems of Pakistan? Describe briefly Q3: What are the main causes of water shortage in Pakistan? Discuss Q4: What measures can we take to overcome water shortage in Pakistan?
Q5: What can you do on own to contribute to the conservation of water in your home and surrounding? Q6: What is the importance of building national reservoirs? Choose the correct options. Describe them briefly. Discuss in detail. Can you point out a spot in your area where small reservoirs can be built to benefit the local population? Why is the discovery of a gene called a game-changer in biological sciences?
What is genetic engineering? What role does genetic engineering play in producing genetically modified organisms? Write at least two merits and two demerits of GMOs? What is your opinion will be the effect of GMOs on our lives, lifestyle, and the environment in the future?
Have you ever used genetically modified foods? Inference Q. Vocabulary Q. Can you name three other objects of nature out of so many given by Almighty Allah.
Why were the pines cut down? Besides the poet, who will badly miss the company of the pines? Pick out the lines having personification? How has the cutting down of the trees affected nature?
The poet mourns the cutting down of pines in a way as if she has lost her near and dear mate; why? What is the mood of the poem and what effect does it has on you?
What is the central idea of the poem? What are the effects of deforestation on the environment? Describe in detail. Q2: Hazrat Umar Farooq RA was one of those people who served the new religion with singleness of purpose.
Support this view by giving evidence from the given text? Why did Hazrat Umar RA not eat wheat bread? How did Hazrat Umar RA ensure his own accountability and the accountability of his governors before the public during his government? A wife, in the Bait-ul-Mal?
A was one of those people who served the new religion with singleness of purpose. Describe the services of Hazrat Umar R. A to Islam in the context of this statement. A rule. Support the view by giving evidence from the given text. A into Urdu. A not eat wheat bread? A ensure his own accountability and the accountability of his governors before the public during his government? Was Alan a good painter? What makes you think that? Describe the role of Colonel Merton in the story. Would you describe him as a negative character or not?
Describe the climax of the story in your own words. Also, a sketch of how you would have ended the story had you been the writer.
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Chapter 1- Challenges of nation building. Writing A. Q1: What are the main sources of water in Pakistan? Q2: What are the river drainage systems of Pakistan? Describe briefly Q3: What are the main causes of water shortage in Pakistan? Discuss Q4: What measures can we take to overcome water shortage in Pakistan? Q5: What can you do on own to contribute to the conservation of water in your home and surrounding?
Q6: What is the importance of building national reservoirs? Choose the correct options. Describe them briefly. Discuss in detail. Can you point out a spot in your area where small reservoirs can be built to benefit the local population?
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Why is the discovery of a gene called a game-changer in biological sciences? What is genetic engineering? What role does genetic engineering play in producing genetically modified organisms? Write at least two merits and two demerits of GMOs? What is your opinion will be the effect of GMOs on our lives, lifestyle, and the environment in the future? Have you ever used genetically modified foods? Inference Q. Vocabulary Q. Can you name three other objects of nature out of so many given by Almighty Allah.
Why were the pines cut down? Besides the poet, who will badly miss the company of the pines? Pick out the lines having personification? How has the cutting down of the trees affected nature? The poet mourns the cutting down of pines in a way as if she has lost her near and dear mate; why? What is the mood of the poem and what effect does it has on you? What is the central idea of the poem?
What are the effects of deforestation on the environment?