Convert office 2016 retail to volume


  • How to activate Microsoft Office 2016 for Free (180 days)
  • Commodity Watch
  • Excess Administrative Costs Burden the U.S. Health Care System
  • How to Change Office Product Key From MAK to KMS?
  • Install and activate Office 2019 for FREE legally using Volume license
  • The 2021 Holiday Commerce Report
  • Microsoft Office 2016 Free Download and Activate
  • How to activate Microsoft Office 2016 for Free (180 days)

    This administrative complexity, with its associated high costs, is often cited as one reason the United States spends double the amount per capita on health care compared with other high-income countries even though utilization rates are similar. As health care costs continue to rise, a logical starting point for potential savings is addressing waste.

    This issue brief provides an overview of administrative expenditures in the U. It first explains the components of administrative costs and then presents estimates of the administrative costs borne by payers and providers. Finally, the issue brief describes how the United States can lower administrative costs through comprehensive reforms and incremental changes to its health care system.

    Many of the universal health care plans being discussed to expand coverage and lower costs would lower administrative costs through rate regulation, global budgeting, or simplifying the number of payers. Components of administrative costs The main components of administrative costs in the U. The health care system also requires administration beyond BIR activities, including medical record-keeping; hospital management; initiatives that monitor and improve care quality; and programs to combat fraud and abuse.

    To date, few studies have estimated the systemwide cost of health care administration extending beyond BIR activities. The BIR component of administration is most relevant to systemwide reforms that seek to reduce the expenses related to claims processing, billing rates, or health insurance. The costs associated with BIR administration can extend beyond the chief parties involved in receiving and submitting claims.

    The process of claims denials has become an industry unto itself, with private firms squeezing dollars out of Medicaid programs. Even the most inclusive studies of administrative costs have not included at least one key piece of the U.

    Three-quarters of consumers report being confused by medical bills and explanations of benefits. Most studies that have attempted to identify excess costs in the American health care system rely on comparisons between the United States and Canada. Cutler looked at the sources of the gap between U. They found that 62 percent of the difference between the two countries was attributable to prices and intensity of care, and 38 percent was linked to administrative costs. Assuming this difference is excess requires an assumption that a Canadian-style health care system would achieve an identical level of administrative costs in the United States.

    A separate criticism of the original Woolhandler and Himmelstein estimates, as articulated by Henry J. Aaron, an economist at the Brookings Institution, is that their methodology failed to account for differences in prices. As a consequence, the U. All estimates of administrative costs are inherently sensitive to what portion of health care spending one considers administrative.

    In a separate study, economist Julie Sakowski and her fellow researchers reported finding varying attitudes among physicians about whether interaction with electronic medical records—a subset of EHR—represented administrative or clinical time. Others seemed to feel that nearly all of that information was needed for accurate clinical records. The BIR costs for traditional Medicare and Medicaid hover around 2 percent to 5 percent, while those for private insurance is about 17 percent. Because seniors have relatively high health expenditures, the argument goes, administrative costs make up a relatively small share of their total health care spending.

    In , administration accounted for 8. For example, administrative spending accounts for just 2. Administrative expenditures account for 4. If the United States could reduce administrative costs down to Canadian levels, it would save 68 percent of current administrative expenditures; reducing to German-level administrative costs would save 42 percent of current administrative expenditures.

    Nevertheless, the experience of other multipayer systems such as those in Germany and Switzerland suggests that the United States could substantially reduce both administrative expenditures and overall health care spending by bringing down reimbursement rates and regulating insurance—even while continuing to allow multiple payers and private health care providers.

    The lowest possible level of administrative spending for the U. As researchers Robert A. Berenson and Bryan E. Dowd have noted, administrative spending in Medicare may in fact be too low; the program would be more efficient with greater investment in initiatives to lower costs and improve quality. Innovations such as bundled payments—the practice of paying providers a lump sum for an episode of care such as a knee replacement or childbirth rather than reimbursing each individual component—involve upfront investment in development.

    Increasing resources to combat fraud and abuse would also lower overall spending. While the U. Beyond BIR expenses, hospitals, physician practices, and other health care institutions house departments that are complementary to clinical services such as medical libraries, public relations, and accounting. Inpatient visits were the lowest, at 8 percent of a general inpatient stay and 3. The average processing time was 13 minutes for a primary care visit, 32 minutes for an emergency department visit, and 73 minutes for a general inpatient stay.

    Hospital administrative costs in the United States far exceed those of other nations. In their comparison of hospital administrative costs among eight Western nations, Himmelstein and co-authors found that the United States had the highest levels, at Lower administrative costs in single-payer and multipayer systems Although administrative costs contribute to the high expenditures in the United States, they are not the primary reason for the health care spending gap.

    Policies that target administrative costs alone would not necessarily bring overall U. Harvard University researchers Joseph P. Researchers simulating the effects of single-payer programs have assumed that administrative costs would be brought down substantially.

    RAND specified administrative costs at 13 percent and 3 percent in its alternative scenarios. Reducing BIR costs requires simplifying the billing and payment process, which could be accomplished in a number of ways. Two avenues for reducing administrative costs as well as overall health costs are global budgeting and uniform rate-setting.

    Another paperwork-reducing option would be a centralized claims clearinghouse to allow providers to submit all claims to a single entity, as they do in Germany and Japan. In the current U. As opposed to traditional fee-for-service payments, which reward providers for doing more, global budgeting incentivizes providers to deliver care more efficiently. A system combining all-payer rates and global budgeting is already partially in place in the state of Maryland, where each hospital has a single set of rates it bills to Medicare, Medicaid, commercial insurers, and other payers.

    Hsiao, Steven Kappel, and Jonathan Gruber estimated substantial savings from administrative simplicity from each option. The two single-payer options they examined would result in even greater administrative savings of between 7.

    Policy proposals directed at administrative costs While major changes to the U. A recent bill proposed by Sens. It would also provide grant money for state-based efforts to bring down administrative costs. Other nations enjoy world-class health care systems while spending a fraction of what the United States does on governance, billing, and insurance.

    Simplifying the payment system should be an essential part of future health reform and would make the U. This publication was made possible in part by a grant from the Peter G. Peterson Foundation. The statements and the views expressed are solely the responsibility of the Center for American Progress. Endnotes Irene Papanicolas, Liana R. Woskie, and Ashish K. James G. Young, Robert S. Saunders, and LeighAnne Olsen, eds. What does the US actually spend on health care administration?

    Here and at other places as noted in this report, historical estimates have been updated to dollars using the consumer price index for medical care. Steffie Woolhandler and David U. Joshua D. Alexis Jane Pozen and David M. David M. Cutler and Dan P. Robert A. David U. Lawrence P. Gerard F. Joseph P. Jodi L. William C. Joshua M. Ellis, Tianxu Chen, and Calvin E.

    Office of Louisiana Sen. Bonnie B. Expand The positions of American Progress, and our policy experts, are independent, and the findings and conclusions presented are those of American Progress alone. A full list of supporters is available here.

    American Progress would like to acknowledge the many generous supporters who make our work possible.

    Commodity Watch

    This small package about Kb contains the files necessary for the KMS server to be able to receive and process activation requests from MS Office clients. Run the file volumelicensepack you have downloaded on your KMS as an administrator. Both options are described below.

    Then select the activation method: online or by phone. In the first case you will have to temporary provide your KMS server with the direct Internet access. In Windows Firewall, in order to connect to port TCP on the server an additional rule should be enabled. You can get information about the installed KMS key for your version of Office as follows: For Office — cscript slmgr. If the automatic activation from Volume Activation Tools was completed with an error, then you need to try to activate the KMS server manually.

    Now you only have to activate your KMS key. A warning that a new object will be created in the AD forest appears. In addition, you can install Office only on Windows 10 devices. If the KMS server is running on a non-standard port not on , you can change the port on the client like this: cscript ospp.

    Activate your Office product copy of on the KMS server: cscript ospp. To delay Office activation for 30 days up to 5 times , you can use the tool ospprearm. In order the KMS server to start activating clients, it has to receive at least 5 product activation requests from the clients activation threshold. These keys are public and accessible to everyone on the Microsoft TechNet.

    Due to them, all Office product versions are automatically activated if there is the KMS server in the domain network.

    Excess Administrative Costs Burden the U.S. Health Care System

    All estimates of administrative costs are inherently sensitive to what portion of health care spending one considers administrative. In a separate study, economist Julie Sakowski and her fellow researchers reported finding varying attitudes among physicians about whether interaction with electronic medical records—a subset of EHR—represented administrative or clinical time. Others seemed to feel that nearly all of that information was needed for accurate clinical records.

    The BIR costs for traditional Medicare and Medicaid hover around 2 percent to 5 percent, while those for private insurance is about 17 percent. Because seniors have relatively high health expenditures, the argument goes, administrative costs make up a relatively small share of their total health care spending.

    How to Change Office Product Key From MAK to KMS?

    Inadministration accounted for 8. For example, administrative spending accounts for just 2. Administrative expenditures account for 4.

    If the United States could reduce administrative costs down to Canadian levels, it would save 68 percent of current administrative expenditures; reducing to German-level administrative costs would save 42 percent of current administrative expenditures. Nevertheless, the experience of other multipayer systems such as those in Germany and Switzerland suggests that the United States could substantially reduce both administrative expenditures and overall health care spending by bringing down reimbursement rates and regulating insurance—even while continuing to allow multiple payers and private health care providers.

    The lowest possible level of administrative spending for the U. As researchers Robert A. Berenson and Bryan E. Dowd have noted, administrative spending in Medicare may in fact be too low; the program would be more efficient with greater investment in initiatives to lower costs and improve quality.

    Innovations such as bundled payments—the practice of paying providers a lump sum for an episode of care such as a knee replacement or childbirth rather than reimbursing each individual component—involve upfront investment in development. Increasing resources to combat fraud and abuse would also lower overall spending.

    While the U. Beyond BIR expenses, hospitals, physician practices, and other health care institutions house departments that are complementary to clinical services such as medical libraries, public relations, and accounting.

    Install and activate Office 2019 for FREE legally using Volume license

    Inpatient visits were the lowest, at 8 percent of a general inpatient stay and 3. The average processing time was 13 minutes for a primary care visit, 32 minutes for an emergency department visit, and 73 minutes for a general inpatient stay.

    Hospital administrative costs in the United States far exceed those of other nations. In their comparison of hospital administrative costs among eight Western nations, Himmelstein and co-authors found that the United States had the highest levels, at Lower administrative costs in single-payer and multipayer systems Although administrative costs contribute to the high expenditures in the United States, they are not the primary reason for the health care spending gap.

    Policies that target administrative costs alone would not necessarily bring overall U. Harvard University researchers Joseph P.

    Researchers simulating the effects of single-payer programs have assumed that administrative costs would be brought down substantially. RAND specified administrative costs at 13 percent and 3 percent in its alternative scenarios. Reducing BIR costs requires simplifying the billing and payment process, which could be accomplished in a number of ways. Two avenues for reducing administrative costs as well as overall health costs are global budgeting and uniform rate-setting.

    Another paperwork-reducing option would be a centralized claims clearinghouse to allow providers to submit all claims to a single entity, as they do in Germany and Japan.

    The 2021 Holiday Commerce Report

    In the current U. As opposed to traditional fee-for-service payments, which reward providers for doing more, global budgeting incentivizes providers to deliver care more efficiently. A system combining all-payer rates and global budgeting is already partially in place in the state of Maryland, where each hospital has a single set of rates it bills to Medicare, Medicaid, commercial insurers, and other payers. Hsiao, Steven Kappel, and Jonathan Gruber estimated substantial savings from administrative simplicity from each option.

    The two single-payer options they examined would result in even greater administrative savings of between 7.

    Microsoft Office 2016 Free Download and Activate

    Policy proposals directed at administrative costs While major changes to the U. A recent bill proposed by Sens. It would also provide grant money for state-based efforts to bring down administrative costs. Other nations enjoy world-class health care systems while spending a fraction of what the United States does on governance, billing, and insurance. Simplifying the payment system should be an essential part of future health reform and would make the U.

    This publication was made possible in part by a grant from the Peter G. Peterson Foundation. The statements and the views expressed are solely the responsibility of the Center for American Progress. Endnotes Irene Papanicolas, Liana R. Woskie, and Ashish K. Both options are described below. Then select the activation method: online or by phone.

    In the first case you will have to temporary provide your KMS server with the direct Internet access. In Windows Firewall, in order to connect to port TCP on the server an additional rule should be enabled.

    You can get information about the installed KMS key for your version of Office as follows: For Office — cscript slmgr. If the automatic activation from Volume Activation Tools was completed with an error, then you need to try to activate the KMS server manually.

    Now you only have to activate your KMS key. A warning that a new object will be created in the AD forest appears.


    Convert office 2016 retail to volume