Sauna wiring diagram

  • Sauna wiring diagram. Bath wiring: types of laying, safety rules and self-assembly
  • 25+ Harvia Sauna Heater Wiring Diagram (Background 1920x1080 1080P)
  • Electrical – Help with sauna heater wiring diagram
  • Sauna Heater Wiring Diagram Download
  • Wiring Your Electric Sauna
  • Sauna wiring diagram. Bath wiring: types of laying, safety rules and self-assembly

    This overview is directed to electricians who will do the wiring and also offers some insight for customers in terms of what to expect during the process. Electric barrel saunas are very efficient when it comes to power consumption. The majority of our units use a 7. Electricity is commonly priced in kWh or kilowatt-hours, which is kilowatts x hours. This in turn means that for a 1 hour sauna session, the maximum electricity consumed used would be 7. As of writing this, BC Hydro rates are 9 cents per kWh.

    Now, the one thing to note, is that when the sauna reaches desired temperature the heater switches off until the temperature drops slightly at which point the temperature turns back on for a short period to stay at the desired temperature. The instructions manual for the 7. A suitable gauge cable will need to be run to the back wall of where the sauna will go.

    Typically, electricians will run or TECK cable , as this is armoured and rated for outdoor environments. It can also be trenched if necessary. The cable needs to terminate at the back wall of the barrel sauna, where the electrician will connect a disconnect unit supplied by the electrician.

    Finally, the electrician will wire the L1 and L2 red and black wires from the disconnect box into the contactor for the sauna, which is located in the PVC junction box mounted on the back wall of the sauna.

    The exposed ground wire in the PVC junction box will also need to be connected to the exposed ground wire coming from the disconnect box. Typical Wiring On the back wall of the barrel sauna looks like this. Several customers elect to dig their own trench or have a landscaper dig the trench to where the back wall of the sauna will go.

    Never start digging without first calling your local authorities to ensure there are no gas lines, electrical cables, data lines or other such hazards on your property.

    This can be a very costly and even dangerous mistake to make. Here are some useful resources for who to call before you start digging in Canada:.

    25+ Harvia Sauna Heater Wiring Diagram (Background 1920x1080 1080P)

    Sauna wiring diagram. Bath wiring: types of laying, safety rules and self-assembly In the soap and steam room, the lamps should be sealed. Silicone gaskets are better than rubber ones the latter break down faster, and the lamps lose their tightness.

    You can read more about lamps in the articles dedicated to: lighting,. In general, in the steam room and in the washing room only light sources, and even switches to them, should be located outside these premises. Make a small loop on the wire before inserting the wire into the luminaire body - this will prevent condensation from flowing into the interior. To make the lighting safe, it is worth putting an RCD on the lighting group. Wiring in wet rooms is always associated with the choice of voltage of the installed equipment.

    Many are inclined to believe that it is safer to install 12 or volt light sources. These are economical halogen lamps or LED strips Oh.

    There are also volt conventional incandescent lamps. How to conduct electricity to the bath with your own hands, if you need to connect a step-down transformer for a certain group? Modern transformers have very modest dimensions and are quite capable of being placed inside the switchboard. But this does not mean that this is the only place for them. You can easily put a transformer just in front of the wiring for the lighting of the steam room and washing room.

    An important point when choosing a transformer will be to determine its power. In addition to the transformer for powering the LED strip, you can use power supply First you need to find out what the power of this tape is per meter, and then multiply by the number of meters. Switching power supplies, which are used for LED strips, are made in different housings - plastic, aluminum and open.

    Despite the fact that aluminum is the heaviest, it is also considered the most durable and reliable. Do not forget to add a margin if you do not want the transformer or power supply unit to burn out too quickly. It is worth noting that in the presence of an RCD the danger of the same incandescent lamps in the steam room becomes minimal.

    And halogens or LEDs have their drawbacks - the former are short-lived, the latter are intolerant of high temperatures and sensitive to fluctuations in the current in the network. A RCD or difavtomat is able to protect against electric shock in the network for both and volts. It is worth checking the operation of the RCD on a monthly basis - just do not forget to press the "test" button with such frequency.

    Sockets The outlet group is equally important. First, let us clarify that you can put sockets everywhere, except for all the same steam room and washing room. Sockets are designed for different amperage- 10 and 16 amperes. You should estimate approximately what the load will be on the sockets in order to choose the appropriate option.

    The calculation formula is simple: we sum up the power of the connected electrical appliances and divide the total of watts by volts. You can go from the opposite: for an outlet with a current limit of 10 A, the limit of the connected power is W.

    For 16 A - W. Depending on the choice you made, circuit breaker that you put in the shield must correspond to the outlet at the nominal current strength.

    For a 10 A socket - a 10 A switch. What does it do? If you connect several consumers to one 16 A outlet, for example, 4 kW in total, then the current in the network will be 18 A, which without a circuit breaker would lead to overheating of the outlet and possibly a fire. And with him, a disconnection will simply happen and that's it.

    How to select the cable cross-section will be discussed a little later. Power group It is customary to single out the most powerful consumers, such as an electric furnace, in a special power group It is clear that they will also be powered from sockets, but their difference from the outlet group is that for them, other parameters are selected, designed for high amperage. For example, if you have a 10 kW electric stove, then the current in the V network will be For such cases, use special power sockets capable of withstanding the high power of the electrical appliance.

    In addition to a special outlet, the power group will require copper cable with a larger cross-section than other wiring. Well, and will protect her own RCD with automatic machine or difavtomat. Wall-mounted cable installation Email the wiring in the bath is connected by a number of standards described in the PUE. Since we have already cited extensive excerpts from this document, now we will present the essence in a nutshell.

    Briefly about the choice of brand and cable thickness The bathhouse is humid, and in some places it is also hot, so in order to properly conduct the wiring, you need to choose a suitable cable with isolation that will not be affected by these adverse factors In the washing and steam room itself, it is highly discouraged to lay wiring It is permissible to make holes in the wall, insert metal into them liners and lead out the wiring through the wall to light sources in these rooms.

    In this case, the switches are made from the outside! But, since even a small piece of wire that will be in the steam room will be exposed to high temperature , and its insulation will collapse in a short time, it can be recommended to lead the wire into a steam room with insulation from silicone rubber- RCGM or PRKS, for example.

    It can withstand temperatures up to degrees. The thickness of the cable depends on the future load, however, we immediately recommend taking the cross-section with a margin. You already know how to calculate the current strength we divide the power by the mains voltage , now find the appropriate section in the table not forgetting in advance : Differences between wiring in different rooms of the bath You can lay the wires as in the form open wiring and inside the walls The standards for a bathhouse contradict the standards for a wooden room.

    Therefore, we will count as follows: again outside the steam room and washing it is better to lay the cable on the surface, and in the steam room and washing room - do not put it at all If the bath is not wooden, you can do hidden wiring. Open wiring should not be in a metal sheath Plastic corrugation, cable channels and twisted wiring on ceramic insulators are acceptable.

    It is also advisable to lay strips between the wires and the wall. Useful video Perhaps you will need a report from one of the owners of the bathhouse regarding the purchased and installed electrical equipment: And here's another good video that you can use as an instruction: In contact with Today everyone can afford to get their own steam room on personal plot or a summer residence.

    But, in addition to the pleasant prospects provided by the bath, a number of questions arise about how the wiring in the bath is organized with your own hands. The main stumbling block in this matter is the high humidity and temperature in the room, referring it to especially dangerous according to clause 1. Under such unfavorable conditions, electrical appliances and other elements electrical network very quickly break down and fail, and dielectric materials are covered with a layer of conductive moisture.

    Which creates a significant threat of electric shock in emergency situations. Therefore, in order to carry out wiring and other electric installation work in the bath in accordance with the current regulations, it is necessary to study the requirements of the PUE.

    Requirements according to PUE 7 According to clause 2. Such a division of the wiring in the bath is relevant for different types walls, when there is a possibility of developing strobes or in the absence of such. Due to the fact that some rooms are fire hazardous, and humid rooms contain a large amount of condensation, when laying wires in an open or hidden way, all lines must be protected from non-combustible material in accordance with clause 2.

    When placing wires open, for example, wooden walls the non-combustible lining underneath should protrude 10 mm in each direction.

    It is also necessary to observe a gap of 10 mm from the wire to combustible materials in accordance with clause 2. For hidden wiring, a fireproof coating is located along the entire length in accordance with clause 2. But placing the wiring in a metal pipe or corrugation is strictly prohibited in accordance with the requirements of 7. For the sake of safety, all metal constructions - luminaire bodies, heating furnaces , household appliances etc. To protect a person from electric shock in electrical panel the installation of an RCD must be carried out.

    These measures are stipulated by the requirements of clauses 1. It should be noted that when supplying lighting devices and other devices with low voltage in accordance with clause 1. What is the mains voltage to choose? Due to the different needs for ensuring the required power level, the wiring in the bath can power both lighting devices, and then in small rooms, as well as powerful equipment.

    Because of this, the type and level of voltage used differs: Single-phase network e - it is applied at an average level of load on the wiring in the bath from 1 to 14 kW. In this case, the entire bath is powered from single-phase V networks. Three-phase mains- used for wiring load in the bath from 20 to 40 kW, when an electric stove, warm floor and other powerful ones are connected in the bath electrical devices water heating boilers, pumps, etc. Single-phase reduced- allows you to power the bath with a safe voltage of 12 V or 36 V, which can be used to illuminate the steam room in the bath without endangering a person.

    Relevant for small baths with low ceilings , in which the only consumer for the leash is the lighting system. After choosing the voltage level, a wiring diagram is drawn up, taking into account the locations of all consumers. Circuit design To draw up a wiring diagram in a bath, you need to decide on the number of connection points to it - lighting devices, sockets for specific equipment, switches, etc. It should be noted that switches, like junction boxes, are strictly forbidden to be installed in the steam room, they must be in the dressing room or dressing room.

    The sink is also not suitable for this due to the presence of moisture. The wiring in the steam room must not be brought closer than 80 cm to the stove or chimney; these requirements must be taken into account at the design stage.

    Figure 1: simple wiring diagram in a bath Look at the picture, here is one of simple examples bath electrification. The wiring is connected by two independent leads, each feeding its own socket and a group of lighting lamps.

    This option will help to calmly leave the room if a short circuit occurs in one of the sections, since natural light sources are often absent. If you plan to install specific equipment, for example, a water heating boiler or a washing machine, a separate line should be provided for them on the wiring diagram with a larger conductor cross section than for the lamp.

    Washer and the boiler must be installed in dry conditions. If so, they should also be shown separately on the wiring diagram. Selection of wires, switches, lamps For the drawn up wiring diagram in the bath, all its components are selected: wires, sockets, switches and lamps. The cable brand is selected in accordance with the conditions in each of the bath rooms high temperature and humidity. According to the material of the current-carrying conductor, the wiring in the bath can be copper and aluminum, but due to the better mechanical and electrical parameters, the choice should be made in favor of copper wires.

    The main parameter for any of the cable brands is the wire cross-section.

    Electrical – Help with sauna heater wiring diagram

    The range of temperature a sauna heater will kick up can run from to about degrees fahrenheit. Source: m. Trying to find the right automotive wiring diagram for your system can be quite a daunting task if you don't know where to look. A fan blows air across the heat exchanger, and as a result the air warms. Learn the basics of electric water heater wiring so you can assess your existing setup or prepare for a new heater installation.

    These heaters burn natural gas, which heats up a component known as a heat exchanger. Source: i. Luckily, there are some places that may have just what you need. Disclaimer that I have an electrician friend "helping" not for free though!

    That is just to say, don't be afraid to answer for educational purposes.

    Sauna Heater Wiring Diagram Download

    Upon turning on the unit, obviously the heater is energized. It's a 9KW heater. It also has an option to power a v light inside the sauna from the controller, which I will not be taking advantage of. My questions: Will I be using the neutral from the run at all? The wiring is connected by two independent leads, each feeding its own socket and a group of lighting lamps.

    This option will help to calmly leave the room if a short circuit occurs in one of the sections, since natural light sources are often absent. If you plan to install specific equipment, for example, a water heating boiler or a washing machine, a separate line should be provided for them on the wiring diagram with a larger conductor cross section than for the lamp.

    Washer and the boiler must be installed in dry conditions. If so, they should also be shown separately on the wiring diagram. Selection of wires, switches, lamps For the drawn up wiring diagram in the bath, all its components are selected: wires, sockets, switches and lamps. The cable brand is selected in accordance with the conditions in each of the bath rooms high temperature and humidity.

    According to the material of the current-carrying conductor, the uav in the bath can be copper and aluminum, but due to the better mechanical and electrical parameters, the choice should be made in favor of copper wires. The main parameter for any of the cable brands is the wire cross-section. The size of the cross-section is selected based on the load connected to the corresponding section of the wiring.

    How to choose wires and sockets according to the load? For example, you are going to connect two W light bulbs, turn on a 1 kW electric kettle and a 4 kW electric floor heating in the outlet.

    To select a specific cross-sectional value for wiring according to the power of the consumer or the magnitude of the electric current, you must use our or the data in the table: Table 1: selection of wire cross-section Look at the table, for a power of 6.

    If you have drawn up a power scheme with wiring separation for different consumers, then it is advisable to perform the procedure for calculating the cross-section for each a separate sitebut the material of the conductor for the wiring must be the same. The socket, like the wiring, has a certain size bandwidth by current.

    Therefore, the selection of nodes for connecting to the mains voltage should be carried out in accordance with the connected devices. For example, for a refrigerator, it is enough to install a 10 A socket, but for a boiler, depending on the power, you will need 16 or 24 A. Luminaires in the steam room must have a metal body to which grounding is connected, a sealed glass shade with at least IP Do not choose a model with a plastic housing or parts for connecting luminaires, as they can melt and deform, which will cause moisture to penetrate inside.

    But even in them all the requirements of the PUE for saunas must be observed. Lighting devices, it is also better to use sealed with a degree of protection of at least IP24, but you can also use models with a polymer case or plexiglass, since the temperature in these rooms is much lower. Suitable for wiring. The sockets must have a protective shut-off device to prevent the free penetration of moisture from the environment.

    Entering the wiring into the bath: air or underground? According to the method of cable entry into a stone or wooden sauna, air or underground laying is distinguished. For air laying, it is most important to use a self-insulating wire SIPthe number of cores in which is determined by the choice of three-phase or single-phase electrical wiring. In this case, the following distances must be observed: Between supports no more than 25 m; The height of the self-supporting insulated wire cable entry into the building is not less than 2.

    Due to the fact that the underground input requires the development of a trench for laying the cable, this procedure takes much more time than air laying.

    But when laying the cable entry underground, the line itself is much less exposed to atmospheric factors and wind loads, therefore it lasts much longer. Wiring method: open or hidden? The advantages of open wiring in the bath include the simplicity and speed of installation, the absence of time-consuming preparatory work, and the availability for repair.

    The disadvantages of the open method of laying the wiring include its damageability and interference with the interior of the bath. The advantages of hidden wiring include a much higher reliability and protection of wires along the entire length. Among the shortcomings of internal wiring, there are long-term preparatory work and wall chipping, which is not always possible to perform.

    Installation and connection step by step The whole process of installing wiring in the bath can be roughly divided into three main stages.

    Compliance with the given sequence will allow you to perform work efficiently and without unnecessary loss of time. Get started with editing: Switchboard Sockets and switches Lighting devices Be sure to check the functionality of all devices in dry conditions before using.

    Make sure that the automatic protection is in good working order, this will save you from the consequences of mistakes made even before the start of operation of both the bath itself and the wiring in it.

    Video tutorials Wiring to the room with high humidity requires a special approach. If there are no skills and knowledge in the field of electricity, then it is better to have the work done by professionals. Even simple scheme must be collected from special materials and by all the rule. How to make the wiring in the bath in accordance with all the rules and what mistakes are made in this case, we will talk in this article.

    The wiring in the bath is done by professionals. It is necessary to install the wiring in the bath in accordance with the requirements of the PUE rules for electrical installations. The rules for wet and hazardous buildings have their own standards. According to the documentation, fittings can only be placed in the dressing room, the steam room and washing compartment are not intended for such units.

    All lamps must be under protective shades, and not simple ones, but with sealed connections. It is better if the wiring in the bath is done by professionals, but if you have knowledge in this area, you can do everything yourself. Bath wiring can be done in a simple way. Modern designs are multifunctional, so the power supply circuit is complex. In such a bath can be located: lamps, an electric oven, a moisture meter and a temperature sensor, infrared or awning warm floors, sockets for a TV, hairdryer, refrigerator.

    In addition to all of the above, modern designs can have a backlit pool, pumping stationheat gun. Why is wrong wiring dangerous? Steam is dangerous in the bath, as it consists of particles of water, which is an excellent electrical conductor. Therefore, if you install a socket or a switch in places where steam is available, condensation will settle on the elements and a fire or short circuit may occur. Before installing the wiring, specialists will make the necessary calculations and draw up a diagram that cannot be performed without knowledge.

    The services are not cheap, therefore, in most cases, the system is performed independently. But this must be done in accordance with all the rules and regulations. Installation of sockets and switches in the bath is easier to accomplish using a special drill attachment. Before installation, it is necessary to draw a diagram where all the nodes will be drawn sockets, switches, branch boxes. In this case, it is worth considering in advance what and where will be connected.

    Only after this is the total power of all sources calculated and it is determined which cable, section and size is needed. Norms and rules for the placement of the electrical system in the baths For the bath, the wiring is carried out in a separate line from the main switchboard.

    This is done in order to secure the owners and create a separate circuit with grounding. The wiring should not be conspicuous and should not fit in corners opposite doorways.

    The heating centers: stoves, pipes, generators are located no closer than 1. Bath wiring can be installed in two ways: Hidden: used in brick or block bathsunacceptable in wooden. It is carried out in special grooved channels with additional asbestos insulation. Open: the wiring is run straight along the wall, used in wood structures. Installation of wiring is carried out according to several basic rules: Power is passed through an AB or residual current device RCDand the light is passed to the steam room or to the washing room through a step-down transformer.

    All the main elements: an electrical panel, a current distribution box, a central switch are mounted only in the dressing room. For wooden bath from the room to the adjacent wiring thrown through drilled hole right in the wall. In no case should you drill a hole at the joints and seams, only in the middle of the link. You need to insulate the wiring using a special corrugation made of plastic or metal. It will not let the system ignite, and if damaged, the rock will simply melt.

    Under all sockets and switches, a metal or asbestos plate is also mounted. Wiring in wooden structures cannot be hidden in transitional ceilings and under the floor, the entire system must be open. For greater safety, an asbestos material can be attached to the bottom of the wall. You need to connect the wires to each other using terminals; twisting the wiring is unacceptable.

    Also, do not use vinyl or rubberized wiring in the bath. How to properly lead the cable to the bath The wiring launched into the bath is not through through hole in a log is considered incorrect. If the bath is located in close proximity to the main house, then there will be no problem.

    It will be more difficult to transfer the wire to a free-standing bath. In such cases, it is necessary to install the power cable to the bath from the main electrical panel. According to the method of installation, there are two ways to connect the electric wire to the bath: ground and air.

    Air conduction is more accessible, since for work you just need to put additional supports in the form of pillars. For the line, an SIP cable is taken self-supporting insulated wire.

    It can be pulled without additional cable construction, and the service life is more than 20 years. The self-supporting insulated wire is thrown along the pillars to the bath and introduced inside through a special hole with metal pipe or an asbestos insulator.

    The ground method of pulling the electric wire to the bath is more complicated and requires material and physical costs. But on the other hand, the line will not be visible and the landscape will not have to be spoiled with pillars. For installation, take a copper durable cable VBbShv 3x2. It is permissible to use unarmored, but then it will be more vulnerable and it is hidden in a special protective metal pipe. A cable with a depth of at least mm is buried, and the places of installation are marked, for example, with bricks or decorative stone This is necessary to simplify the search for possible damage or replacement.

    When the wire is connected, it is necessary to correctly install the shield. How to properly mount the shield The first thing to do is to choose the right place for the electrical panel. The basic rules that should be followed in this case: The switchboard is placed in a dry and ventilated place. Condensation accumulation on internal parts constructions. Access to the electrical panel must always be accessible. The place should not be darkened, it is better if natural light falls on the shield.

    The top of the box must be at least cm from the floor. If the wiring is single-phase, then a three-core cable will do. What to consider when drawing up an electrical system diagram The wiring in the bath must be specially insulated. When drawing up a wiring diagram, the baths take into account the location of electrical appliances and other components. They can only be installed in dry rooms.

    This is due to the rules fire safety and the fact that corrosion on parts will form less. If the device is plastic, then its mechanism still has metal parts.

    There are devices on which the protection is installed by manufacturers, so they can be safely placed in the washing room. These include modern showers, baths with massage systems, spa equipment, and more. The lighting fixtures for the steam room can only be used on a metal base with a protective glass structure. Luminaires are mounted on the walls, stepping back from the ceiling by 20 cm.

    The transformer that conducts the electrical system to the bath does not exceed volts. In the steam room, the washing compartment can be distributed with 12 volts, which are conducted through the wall.

    Wiring Your Electric Sauna

    This is somewhat different from the EIC standards, which says that 42 volts are permissible in dangerous places of the structure.

    But this is taking into account a 36 volt light bulb, and in most modern designs such do not use. If there is a washing machine or dishwasher in the bath, then a separate socket with grounding should be brought out under them. They can be installed only in a dry place. If using a heating tank hot waterthen lay a separate wire that goes separately from the general system. Protective automatics RCD Around the perimeter of the structure, a grounding system loop is mounted.

    The system is equipped with an automatic circuit breaker for an RCD, or a differential system. All protective devices must be hidden in a waterproof box. Electric heater in the power supply system Only low-voltage sensors can be used for the sauna heater. They are mounted on the surface of the wall, which is located farthest from the heater.

    They choose a suitable place and, having measured 1 m from the floor, proceed with the installation. It is forbidden to install the switchboard for controlling the sensors in the steam room. The electric heater is connected separately from the main system, without sockets. To do this, a separate cable is thrown from the shield, which is connected to the heat generator and a separate grounding is made.

    The wiring to the sauna heater and the light bulbs in the steam room should be no closer than 0. Moreover, it should not bend or twist anywhere, only one-piece in a special corrugation. Bath lamps Each electrical unit should be located on the wall, in no case should they be hidden inside the tree. Do not use simple paws for the washing and steam room. Luminescence is taken only with IP44 protection.

    Among the safest, it is worth highlighting 12 volt halogen lamps. In some modern schemes, the light in the steam room is performed from below, so the heating will be less. The lighting looks attractive, as it is performed by spotlights, for example, built into the lower step of the canopy. Inside the canopy structure, the wiring is additionally insulated into metal pipes. You need to check the wiring every years, preferably more often. The shelf life of the wiring should also be taken into account: copper - up to 20 years, aluminum - up to 15 years.

    And since the humidity and elevated temperatures in the baths they act aggressively on the wiring, then you can safely divide the numbers by 2 and after the expiration of the period, change the wiring completely. Even hiring a professional, you should not let things go by themselves, you need to control the entire process from and to.

    Only in this way the wiring in the bath will be safe and will serve the prescribed period. If not so long ago work on the installation of electrical equipment in residential buildings could only be carried out if there was a project approved by the relevant authorities, today, thanks to the decree of the government of the Russian Federation on the abolition of outdated requirements for owners of houses and cottages, everything has become much easier.

    Now the electrical wiring in the bath can be installed without a project and approvals. But at the same time, it is imperative to fulfill the main condition - the installation is done taking into account the requirements of the PUE and other regulations, deviations are prohibited and can serve as a basis for refusing to connect the object to eclectic networks.

    The latest standards DBN V. This applies to single-phase electrical wiring, three-phase in baths are almost never used and therefore will not be mentioned in this article. DBN V. State regulatory act on labor protection. PDF download What are the general requirements for wiring in the bath? The placement of lamps, switches and sockets should be carried out by zones, the breakdown is made on the basis of the requirements of GOST R

    Sauna wiring diagram