What is Your Period Blood Telling You?
Menstrual Clots September 20, by drseckin. They are discharged from the uterus during menstruation when the lining of the uterus or endometrium sheds and is expelled from the uterus through the cervix. Normally, the body produces anticoagulants or blood thinners to allow the thickened endometrium fragments and blood mixture to pass more freely through the cervix and leave the body.
However, sometimes, the body is not able to produce enough thinning agents, causing blood clots to form. Menstrual clots resemble pieces of mashed up red fruit. They can be bright red or burgundy and may vary in size. They are usually mixed with liquid blood. The longer the blood stays inside the uterus, the darker it is in color, and the likelier it is to form clots.
Blood cells called platelets play an important role in blood clot formation. Platelets can produce these clotting factors. This occurs during menstruation, as well as because of an injury to a blood vessel wall. Menstrual clots and heavy periods The normal menstrual cycle lasts 25 to 32 days. A normal flow lasts between four and seven days and may be accompanied by blood clots.
A normal period should normally cause mild to moderate discomfort beginning the first day and then subside. A period is considered heavy if it soaks through a pad or tampon every hour for several hours or if it lasts for over seven days. Large clots in period blood are also considered signs of heavy periods. Moreover, heavy periods can cause constant pain in the lower abdomen. Anemia can make a person feel weak and tired.
Menstrual clots and disease Blood clots during a period can be normal or a sign of an underlying problem such as: a blockage in the uterus fibroids or non-cancerous growths in the wall of the uterus hormonal imbalance.
Menstrual Clots During Heavy Periods: What’s Normal & What’s Not?
Email Q: Are menstrual clots during heavy periods normal? If you notice on heavy days of your period that blood seems extra-thick, and can sometimes form a jelly-like glob, these are menstrual clots, a mix of blood and tissue released from your uterus during your period. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy They can vary in size and color, and usually, they are nothing to worry about.
Most of the time, menstrual clots are normal, but some symptoms can signal other health concerns. Watch for these other symptoms if you experience heavy flow and menstrual clots: Significant pain Accidents on clothing and sheets Clots increasing in size Commonly, the cause of heavy bleeding is structural or hormonal. Possible causes include fibroids , polyps, ovaries failing to release eggs, bleeding disorders, thyroid disorders, or, more rarely, uterine, cervical or endometrial cancer.
To narrow down the cause, your health practitioner likely will start by taking your medical history and performing a physical. Imaging may be needed to look inside the uterus. Advertising Policy Treatment depends on the cause; surgery may be needed if the problem is structural, while ibuprofen can help reduce bleeding and pain. Hormones may be helpful as well. I strongly suggest lifestyle changes to help women regulate their cycles. This means a focus on physical activity and eating well, particularly eating less processed food.
They do seem to be related to certain conditions: Uterine polyps are more likely to occur in high-estrogen states like polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS. Women who take certain medications such as Nolvadex tamoxifen are also very prone to endometrial polyps. Also, obese women seem to have a higher risk of endometrial polyps.
Cervical polyps seem to be related to chronic inflammation of the cervix. How are polyps diagnosed? Diagnosis of polyps depends on their location, size, and number. Cervical polyps are most commonly discovered as an incidental finding during a gynecologic visit. Endometrial polyps are usually diagnosed by ultrasound see black-and-white image.
This diagnostic test can be performed in the office with minimal discomfort. In the saline sonogram picture to the right, at least three endometrial polyps are clearly demonstrated. Are polyps harmful? While most polyps are benign, a small proportion of polyps are malignant cancerous. Generally, polyps are more likely to be dangerous if they: Are large Occur in women after menopauseCause symptoms like post-menopausal bleeding or heavy periods Removal of polyps not only resolves the symptoms they cause, but also allows us to confirm that the polyps are benign.
Do polyps need to be removed? Bleeding may be followed by intense pain. Beware those pesky polyps Uterine polyps are a fleshy overgrowth of tissue that happens along the uterine wall. Polyps can be tiny, almost unnoticeable, or grow to the size of a golf ball. However, the very presence of polyps can cause some severe issues. Some polyps tend to block sperm from fertilizing the egg. Others may be preventing the egg from implanting on the uterine wall.
Most women with polyps have prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding and infertility. The best bet is to visit a doctor who may suggest a polypectomy. Could fibroids be at fault? Fibroids are smooth muscle tumors that develop in and around the uterus.
3 Causes Of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: Polyps, Fibroids And PCOS
Blood cells called platelets play an important role in blood clot formation. Platelets can produce these clotting factors. This occurs during menstruation, as well as because of an injury to a blood vessel wall.
Menstrual clots and heavy periods The normal menstrual cycle lasts 25 to 32 days. A normal flow lasts between four and seven days and may be accompanied by blood clots. A normal period should normally cause mild to moderate discomfort beginning the first day and then subside.