Somali clothes


  • Somali immigrant’s Auburn-based startup adds bold fashion sense to traditional Muslim garb
  • Somali community faces SeaTac displacement
  • Somali pastoralists queue for hours at only well in village in Adado
  • Young Pioneer Tours
  • Somalia: A boost to women-headed businesses despite COVID-19 effects
  • The Politics of Dress in Somali Culture
  • Somali immigrant’s Auburn-based startup adds bold fashion sense to traditional Muslim garb

    Somali Bantu are a distinct cultural minority subgroup in Somali. See Somali Bantu Refugees for more information. Geography Somalia is a long, narrow country that wraps around the Horn of Africa. The inland areas are predominantly plateaus, with the exception of some rugged mountains in the far north. The northern region is more arid, whereas the southern portion of the country receives more rainfall.

    Many Somalis are nomadic or semi-nomadic herders, some are fishermen, and some farmers. Mogadishu is the capital and largest city. History and Politics Unlike many African nations, Somalia is composed of a single, homogeneous ethnic group. Although Somalis may differ in nuances of local lifestyle, they share a uniform language, religion, and culture, and trace their heritage to a common ancestor.

    Colonial rule began in the mid s and divided the land inhabited by ethnic Somalis into several territories. The French controlled the northernmost region the area that is now Djibouti , the British colonized northern Somalia creating a country called British Somaliland, the Italians governed southern Somalia, creating Italian Somaliland, Ethiopia controlled the inland region of the Ogaden, and Kenya controlled land on its northern border inhabited by Somalis, called the Northern Frontier District NFD.

    In British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland peacefully obtained independence and were united to form the current borders of Somalia.

    This has been a source of heated contention between the Somali and Ethiopian governments ever since. Twice, in and again in , military conflict arose between the two countries over control of the Ogaden, resulting in many lost lives on both sides.

    The land is currently controlled by Ethiopia, though many Somalis believe the region should be reunited with Somalia. In Djibouti received independence from the French. Although the government of Djibouti chose not to reunite with Somalia, ties between the countries remain close, as the citizens share a common culture and language. Travel is permitted freely across the border without a visa. At the time of independence in a civilian government was established, which then allied itself with the USSR as a way to distance itself from its prior colonial rulers.

    In , General Mohammed Siad Barre lead a coup, creating a socialist military government with himself as its President.

    In the early years of his government Barre enjoyed popular support, but as his regime became increasingly more oppressive, his support waned. The Barre government was accused of many human rights violations. In addition, some Somalis felt Barre was not aggressive enough about regaining the Ogaden from Ethiopia. In the late s and early s clan-based militias developed in order to oppose and overthrow Barre. Outright civil war erupted from , culminating in the exile of Barre in January Since , the various militias have fought against each other vying for control of the country.

    There has been no effective government and the infrastructure of the country has crumbled. Many civilians have suffered from rampant violence. Food supplies have been manipulated for political gain resulting in famine and death from starvation. By March all foreign troops had withdrawn. At the present time the country remains overwhelmed in inter-clan disputes.

    In people began leaving the country to escape the hunger, rape, and death that had become widespread. Over one million people fled to neighboring countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti, Yemen, and Burundi.

    Most stayed in large refugee camps that were established to house the Somalis. Language The universal language in Somalia is Somali, an afroasiatic language that is closely related to Oromiffa and more distantly related to Swahili and the semitic languages of Arabic, Hebrew, and Amharic.

    Although written for many years, a uniform orthography was not adopted until The government sponsored literacy campaigns in the s and s and education was free at all levels until Interpersonal Relationships Names, Naming Somali names have three parts.

    The first name is the given name, and is specific to an individual. Thus siblings, both male and female, will share the same second and third names. Women, when they marry, do not change their names. By keeping the name of their father and grandfather, they are, in effect, maintaining their affiliation with their clan of birth.

    Status, Roles, and Prestige Opinions vary among Somalis regarding who has high status and is most respected in their communities. Since the war, tribal affiliations have divided much of the society but unity is still valued especially when in the U. Children and elders share mutual respect. Men are usually the head of the household. Women manage the finances and take care of the children. It is considered culturally unacceptable for a man to not be perceived as being in charge of his home.

    Most women in Somalia now work outside the home, due to increasing financial hardships primarily caused by war and resulting inflation. In Somalia, working women tend to have more flexibility and community support than in the U.

    In the U. It can be difficult for women to balance homemaking and childcare responsibilities without the type of support available in Somalia.

    Family is extremely important in the Somali community. The focus of Somali culture is on the family; family is more important than the individual in all aspects of life.

    Somalis will live with their parents until they get married. In times of sickness or marriage, all resources are pooled and it is understood that whatever you have is not only yours. Somalis who have immigrated to the U. The civil war is based on interclan and interfactional conflicts. Tribes were names originally given in order to place families and locate people, but now they reinforce prejudices produced by the civil war.

    When in the U. Greetings and Displays of Respect Many social norms are derived from Islamic tradition, and thus may be similiar to other Islamic countries. Due to Islamic tradition, men and women do not touch each other. Respect is paid to the elders of the community.

    Phrases of Courtesy in Nine Languages: A Tool for Medical Providers This language learning tool features videos of native speakers saying phrases of courtesy in nine languages, including Somali. Phrases of greeting, introduction, acknowledgment, departure and for emergency situations in a clinical setting can be played at a normal speed and at a learning speed.

    The goal of this tool is to provide a jumping-off point for developing rapport in the interpreted health encounter. View Somali videos. General Etiquette The right hand is considered the clean and polite hand to use for daily tasks such as eating, writing, and greeting people. If a child begins to show left-handed preference, the parents will actively try to train him or her to use the right hand. Thus left-handedness is very uncommon in Somalia.

    As proscribed by Moslem tradition, married women are expected to cover their bodies including their hair. In Somalia, some Somali women wear veils to cover their faces, but few do in the U.

    Pants are not a generally accepted form of attire for women, but may be worn under a skirt. The traditional womens dress is called a hejab, and the traditional clothing for a man is called a maawis. The snug-fitting hat that men wear is a qofe. Marriage, Family and Kinship Marriage Marriages can either be arranged or be a result of personal choice.

    The common age of marriage is around 14 or 15 years old. Men who can afford to do so, may have up to 4 wives, as is customary in Islamic tradition. However, not all wealthy men exercise this option. In urban areas, a man with multiple wives provides separate homes for his different families.

    Whether these families interact or not depends on the preference of the individuals involved. In rural areas, it is more common for a man with more than one wife to have a single household, where the families care for the farm or livestock together.

    Gender Roles As in many Islamic cultures, adult men and women are separated in most spheres of life. Although some women in the cities hold jobs, the preferred role is for the husband to work and the wife to stay at home with the children. Female and male children participate in the same educational programs and literacy among women is relatively high.

    Family and Kinship Structure There are several main clans in Somalia and many, many subclans. In certain regions of the country a single subclan will predominate, but as the Somalis are largely nomadic, it is more common for several subclans to live intermixed in a given area. Membership in a clan is determined by paternal lineage. Marriage between clans is common. When a woman marries a man of another clan, she becomes a member of that clan, though retains connection with her family and its clan.

    Extended Families Living with extended families is the norm. Young adults who move to the city to go to school live with relatives rather than live alone. Similarly, people who do not marry tend to live with their extended families. Divorce does occur, though proceedings must be initiated by the husband.

    Thus it is not unusual for a Somali family to have seven or eight children. The concept of planning when to have or not to have children has little cultural relevance for Somalis.

    Child Birth Expectant and newly-delivered mothers benefit from a strong network of women within Somali culture. Before a birth, the community women hold a party somewhat like a baby shower for the pregnant woman as a sign of support. Births most frequently occur at home, and are attended by a midwife.

    Somali community faces SeaTac displacement

    His goats have not had water for weeks and he fears for their survival. He goes to the well very early in the morning and returns late in the day with just a litre jerry can of water to last his family of nine for the next 24 hours. There are people who queue here the whole day and return home in the evening without water. After queueing that long, the water you get is not even clean.

    We fear an outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea. After a little rain fell in Daghtuur, many pastoralists from neighbouring areas moved to the village with their livestock. The influx caused the water level in the only well to drop. The village commissioner was prompted to appoint a five-member committee to manage and distribute the water.

    The committee opens the well in the morning and closes it at night, allowing each family to fetch litres of water a day free of charge. One of the recent arrivals in Dhagtuur is Hawo Ali Mohamoud, a mother of five, who moved from Biya-gadud village, 95 kilometres away, when she heard that the area had rainfall. The children do not bathe as there is not enough water. We neither wash clothes nor bathe the children with it. Trucks delivering water to Dhagtuur village sell at five to six dollars per litre barrel.

    The cost is too high for the pastoralists, whose feeble livestock have no market value now due to the drought conditions. The residents of Dhagtuur and the recent arrivals are facing the same challenges and together they queue at the well to get water on a on first come, first served basis.

    The commissioner of Dhagtuur, Hassan Mohamed Kayre, told Radio Ergo that he is concerned about the worsening water shortage. He fears the villagers will face a tougher situation in the coming days if the rain does not arrive and there is no emergency humanitarian aid.

    Somali pastoralists queue for hours at only well in village in Adado

    A lot of people drink tea, go to sleep or hang out. Mahamud is particularly proud of the sneakers she finds online and displays. Several are high-tops with different patterns and designs.

    Mahamud, 26, does not always wear a head covering.

    Young Pioneer Tours

    On this day she wore jeans, a shirt and dangling earrings. Outgoing, she seems to smile easily. Her family moved to Lewiston when she was a high school senior.

    After two years there, she moved to Florida and graduated from Florida Atlantic University in with a business degree. Last year she worked in Miami for an accounting firm. While the area has been Muslim for centuries, in the last decades it has become increasingly religious and dress has fallen in line with this trend.

    Somalia: A boost to women-headed businesses despite COVID-19 effects

    Below is a quick guide for what to wear when visiting Somaliland. Shorts are frowned upon, as are earrings and long hair expect to be asked if you are a girl if you sport either. Other than that, guys are all set. You might want to bring some sunglasses as the air can get quite dusty though.

    Macawiis pronunced ma-wees are a Somali style of sarong, usually brightly-colored, that are also popular with men. We want representation.

    The Politics of Dress in Somali Culture

    Cox described Hassan as someone who thinks ahead and is always prepared. Last June, she had to scramble when the modest wedding dress she ordered online took three weeks to get to her. The local competition is stores that cater to the Muslim community and that sell traditional clothing imported from Turkey or Malaysia. She studied fashion and business at Mount Ida College in Newton, Massachusetts, graduating in Mayjust before that college closed.

    She currently is looking for funding and revising her business plan with her Top Gun mentor.


    Somali clothes