EXAMPLES OF DISCUSSION BOARD RESPONSES
Discussion Question 2 How can the three Ms of playful exploration lead children into learning to draw? Manipulation is one of the three major component to leading children to learn how to draw. This is because manipulation is needed for the student to know how to use the tools with which to draw.
The manipulation also comes with the medium of color. Many children use multiple colors to create different colors. For example, many students put all of the colors onto an easel and come up with a brown color. Next, the students learn mastery. This stage of the three Ms is valuable at learning because they are doing the same task over and over.
The more they practice, the more they become masters of the medium. With the last M, meaning, the child is finished with the spontaneous practice, and are able to create art that represents something.
This stage is when the development of their art can really take form. How would you help a child progress through these levels? I would help the child progress through these levels by giving them free-reign. I would provide them with the tools to draw with, and then help them along whenever they needed assistance. I think it is best, however, to let the learner progress through the three Ms on their own so that they can begin to understand the various components of art, and so they can develop their own skills.
Of course, if they had any questions, I would help the learner. I might consider encouraging the learner to draw something tangible if they have been simply blotting colors onto the easel for a very long time.
Jack was a very persistent person, and he climbed all the way up the bean stalk. This may be one of the reasons why persist a lot in my life. Jack was an inspiration for me when I was a child, and he likely played a role in how I turned out as an adult. How might thinking about this affect how you work with children as a teacher?
I think people are more connected to stories when they have the solid book in front of them, rather than having a screen in front of them. When I had my book, I kept it with me a lot of the time, and that is likely how it made such a significant impact on my life. As a teacher, I would encourage students to read hard copies of books, rather than reading a book from a computer screen or a tablet, for example.
Your analysis was concise. I like your method of easing the children into this type of learning environment. It is a great idea to allow the children to participate in art every day, because it will help them to develop the skills that they need to become effective artists, and this can be a skills that could benefit them greatly throughout their lives.
The idea of having an art area set up in the classroom is a great feature. This chapter has really shown me what a great benefit artwork can be. And I know that it is a significant enough learning mechanism that it does justify having an area in the classroom designated to art. Plus, having an area set out will help keep the mess in one place, and you could set up some newspapers or a cloth of some sort that could be washed.
It probably would not get rid of the paint by washing it, but at least it will get rid of dirty shoe prints and whatnot. From reading the chapter, I think the best benefit to the children in having an art area such as this set up, would be the ability of them to be able to express themselves. Expressing their feelings is a key point in development, and I think your idea about having the art area and having the children participate in creating art on a daily basis is a way for them to express themselves while developing their fine motor and art skills.
Your classroom seems like the type of place that I would have liked to spend my childhood. Every day is a good day when there is art involved. Thanks, Response 2 Hi Julie, Your focus on the actually manipulation process was very well done. It was nicely detailed and really put me into the perspective of a child learning how to paint. Learning to do things such as how to paint comes pretty naturally to many of us, but it is something so foreign to a child, and they need to practise the skill a considerable amount in order to develop the fine motor skills that are needed.
It is very easy for adults to assume that a child should be able to pick up the simple things, like picking up a paintbrush and dipping it in paint, but you point out that this is a very important thing for the child to learn how to develop. The manipulation phase, in my opinion is the most important of the three, because mastery naturally flows next.
This stage is really where there can be a significant amount of abstract art, and even squiggles would not be possible without the development of the manipulation phase. I also liked the way you explain how you would help a child transition in each of the three Ms. I think your idea of introducing the child to as many tools as possible would be very useful.
I wonder how often you would switch the materials. I think it would be effective to have a new material with which to work every day. If there were say five materials being used, one could be introduced over five days, with each being introduced on its own day.
The child will likely develop a preference, and I think at that point they will be able to more effectively become more skilled in the mastery and meaning stages.
With the assistance of Google Drive, students and teachers are able to manage worksheets documents, interactive classroom projects, and activities collaboratively. Padlet is a virtual space where students can post their questions, thoughts, and ideas for discussion.
Then, learners will develop further discussion in pairs, groups, etc. NowComment NowComment is a free platform for document, discussion, and annotation. It allows learners to mark, discuss the texts, and it is often used in grades K Users only need to upload data in any form of formats to make an area for online discussion and leave the rest to NowComment. Text paragraphs will be numbered and logically arranged, as the document and comment panel will be placed on opposite sides.
Backchannel Chat Backchannel Chat is a payment-required tool for grades 7— The tool works well as an online discussion board. Its restrained online discussions are supposed to engage learners and urge them to share.
Setup is quite simple. Instructors just need to sign up, label their chat, then share the URL with their students. Every learner only needs one name to take part in the chat group, no need to provide any other personal information. Wiggio Wiggio provides options like establishing meetings, calendars, to-do lists, polls, messaging, and file sharing.
Conveniently, this is mostly a free workgroup tool. Chalkup Chalkup is a free learning management system LMS for teacher — since school pricing varies, from grades This is the first benefit. In addition to discussions, the platform is great for grading and online assignments. Chalkup should be an ideal choice for any teacher who happens to be searching for an LMS for their class. Canvas Discussions The Canvas Discussions tool is employed to host, organize and moderate an online threaded, written discussion with both posts and replies from each student.
Canvas Discussions offers an integrated structure for class discussions, enabling both teachers and pupils to begin and contribute to the discussion topics as many times and information as they wish. Also, the tool allows two or a group of people to interactively communicate, so all users can take part in a conversation with the entire class.
Moreover, Canvas Discussions can be established within learner groups. Otherwise, it can serve as a simple forum for current and topical occasions. Collaborize Classroom This online platform is free.
Other than that, this site could be a central online meeting place for the real-life classroom. So, teachers can post files, records, and other study-related information. Eduflow Eduflow is also a free learning experience platform to run online learning flows including discussions and other activities. They really focus on scaffolded online discussions. You can ask participants to answer specific questions, split them into discussion groups and require that they both post topics and comment before completing the activity.
The power of Eduflow is that you can combine the discussion with other learning activities such as videos, peer reviews and submissions. Skype offers group conferences tools that can be specifically effective for remote partakers to come together. The tool is also helpful in connecting students, who might not be able to attend class for some unexpected reason, with the classroom to join the discussion or other activity.
Conclusion Whether you choose to teach online completely or add some sessions of online discussion to a traditional class, online discussion boards are gradually becoming fundamental in college courses. They can be a practical complement to face-to-face classes as well as a powerful foundation of online classes.
In fact, many students even prefer online discussion to in-person discussion, most likely due to the chance to communicate more freely. Read Further:.
Use the chat function of the LMS to discuss which of your five statements you might be willing to exchange. You must exchange one statement. The goal is to obtain five statements on your pinboard that you agree with. On Day 3, meet with your second paired teammate and repeat the process. On Day 4, repeat the process again with your third assigned paired teammate.
There are other ways to achieve this outcome. Card Sort. In this activity, learners are given a list of statements, diagrams, names of concepts, problem sets, or questions i.
21 Ways to Structure an Online Discussion, Part Three
They are not told the categories—they must define them. One way to intuitively understand this activity used by Kimberly Tanner in her workshops, personal communication is to use cards with pictures of superheroes. People with no knowledge of superheroes may classify them based on superficial characteristics such as whether they have a cape or whether they are human- or animal-looking. Superhero aficionados, meanwhile, may use underlying knowledge of whether the superhero belongs in the Marvel or DC Comic Universe to classify the cards.
Smith et al. Novice learners used cues from the question wording to identify the strategy they should use to solve the problem; meanwhile, more expert learners used deeper understanding of the concepts underlying the problem to choose a strategy. In this type of discussion, each learner is assigned, or proposes and then takes on, the role of a stakeholder in a scenario.
Because the arguments advanced are those of the character and not the learner, learners may feel more comfortable exploring and debating controversial ideas in this format.
Tips: Instructors must choose whether to assign roles or let learners choose their own. The advantage of allowing learners to select their role is that it can lead to greater engagement and may introduce voices and perspectives the instructors had not thought to include. Example: Politics course.
Everything in one place for professional organizations
Do governments have a responsibility to safeguard the health of their population? Select someone who might have a say on this issue e. Be sure to state your position and make your arguments in support of that position clear. Variations: Debate. A debate is a form of role play where there are two main roles: a group of individuals in favor of something and a group of individuals opposed to it. Six Thinking Hats. Based on a well-known business book, the six thinking hats is a method of investigating a situation from different perspectives.
Blue Hat Leader. This person is the leader of the group and must take into consideration all perspectives to come to a decision. White Hat Thinking. This is the role of the person who is analyzing the problem from a rational or intellectual perspective. This person must present the emotional perspective on the problem. What are some of the fears or passions that people are likely to experience in this situation? Green Hat Creativity. This person is tasked with coming up with innovative ways to tackle the situation.
Yellow Hat Positivity. This person is a Pollyanna, always focusing on the benefits and merits of ideas suggested by others. Black Hat Cautious. The role of this person is to identify the potential drawbacks or challenges of proceeding with a course of action or decision. Hot Seat. For example, in a literature class, three learners each week might be assigned to be the author of the book read in class and to answer peer questions about the book, its intentions, context, characters, and inspirations from the point of view of the author.
These learners may need to research before answering questions. Proposed by Noffs and Guerra-Martinez April 10, in a Faculty Focus article, this method requires learners to take on the persona of a well known hero or villain and apply that lens in responding to the prompt e.
This can lead to humorous, in-character responses that motivate learner engagement. A twist on the debate, this format asks learners to write a love letter to a concept they embrace or a break-up letter to a concept they oppose. Then, the group reads these letters and tries to find commonalities in the ways people respond to each concept. More Information: Barkley et al. Jigsaw Description: A jigsaw is an effective way to structure teamwork because it gives each learner distinctive expertise that is needed by a team to solve a problem.
If the instructor wants to ensure that learners consider specific factors in their analysis of the problem, they may assign resources that tackle them and give learners guiding questions to help them consider, as a group, how these factors might affect the problem to be solved.
The second step is to form new teams that are composed of members of each of the expert teams formed in the first step of this activity. Each learner shares what they learned in the first group that might be pertinent to solving the problem, considers the tensions between the solutions proposed by each expert, and solves the problem.
Ultimate 16 tools for online discussion board in eLearning
Tips: Instructors will want to consider which spheres of knowledge are important in solving the problem. Typically, four or five domains of knowledge are best, since this will form teams of four or five learners in the second teams to solve the problem—an optimal number for teamwork of this sort. Example: Engineering course. Which car would you recommend to the public if they considered all the evidence? First, you will be assigned to a small expert group that must research one aspect of this question—one group will investigate the carbon footprint of manufacturing each model of car, the other group will investigate the carbon footprint of using these two car models over 10 years of operation, another group will investigate other environmental costs of manufacturing each model e.
Each team should refer to the resources provided on the assignment sheet and work together to answer the guiding questions. Then, you will form new teams composed of one expert from each of the initial teams.
Share what you learned in your expert group and together decide which type of car you would recommend and why. Write a short op ed piece for a newspaper and post to the discussion board. Variations: Library Roulette. You may recall that one of the critiques that learners made of online discussion forums is that if each learner reads the same information, they are likely to come to the same conclusions in the discussion Schultz et al.
To breathe a bit of variety in the conversation, and to practice research literacy and critical thinking skills, learners can be tasked with finding resources to research a topic and then bring that information to the discussion rather than assigning the same readings to everyone.
A discussion board can be used for collaborative exchange of ideas and negotiation about how best to proceed or it can be used for small groups to post their chosen solution and discuss the rationale that led to each team proceeding in a different direction. Tips: Instructors can write a case study using information from the community for example, interviewing a local business or using a story from the local newspaper and linking it to concepts learned in class.
Now consider the strange musings that ooze from his Twitter profile. And therein lies the problem. Cult and celebrity worship inevitably leads credulous individuals to throw their support behind nearly everything the cult or celebrity does. There is a tactic employed by propaganda outlets that allows them to get started and build an audience from among a sea of activity.
An article from the New York Times here, a video from Bloomberg there, and a well-researched paper from the journal Nature over there. Over a period time, a following accelerates, builds, and begins participating and responding to the activity of the outlet. A healthy following demands progress into the next phase of propaganda.
This period is marked by a transition from informed authors to the sharing of more fringe resources. Such a transition does not happen immediately, as followers would be repelled and seek a different outlet that more aligns with their worldview. Instead, the outlet slips a few fringe articles in with the more mainstream articles. Since the outlet has built trust with their audience, such outliers are less repulsive to the followers.
After all, the followers have spent a considerable amount of their time listening to an outlet that they have come to trust. Why would they turn their back on something that has regularly provided them with good information?
Surely all future data has been as thoroughly vetted as in the past, right? The undoing of this public persona has been accelerated greatly by the current Executive Administration through its insistence that leadership should reflect and embody some of the poorest qualities of its citizens. There are enough problems in the world without impacting them with obviously racist approaches to domestic and foreign policy.