Crowdmapping ielts reading answers


  • ( Update 2021) CAMBRIDGE IELTS 5 READING TEST 2 ANSWERS – Free Lesson
  • Ieltsfever Academic Reading Practice Test 2 Answers
  • IELTS Reading Practice Test 50 with Answers
  • IELTS Reading
  • ( Update 2021) CAMBRIDGE IELTS 5 READING TEST 2 ANSWERS – Free Lesson

    In Europe, modern science emerged at the same time as the nation state. Before the 17th century, the scientific language was Latin lingua franca: a language which is used for communication between groups of people who speak different languages.

    Sometimes the desire to protect ideas seems to have been stronger than the desire to communicate them, particularly in the case of mathematicians and.. Some scientists might have felt more comfortable with Latin precisely because its audience, though international, was socially restricted.

    In Britain, moreover, scientists worried that English had neither the …nor the ….. First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. This situation only changed after when scientists associated with the …set about developing English. An early scientific journal fostered a new kind of writing based on short descriptions of specific experiments.

    Keywords: after , associated, developing English. There was strong competition between scientists in Renaissance Europe. At the same time, however, scholars also began to test and extend this knowledge. The emergent nation states of Europe developed competitive interests in world exploration and the development of trade. However, there is no information about competition between scientists in the passage. The most important scientific development of the Renaissance period was the discovery of magnetism.

    The discovery of magnetism is one of many other inventions. And the most important scientific revolution of them all were the new theories of astronomy and movement of the earth in relation to the planet and stars developed by Copernicus. In 17th century Britain, leading thinkers combined their interest in science with an interest in how to express ideas.

    Many members of the Royal Society also published monographs in English. This work is largely narrative in style, based on a transcript of oral demonstrations and lectures. The first was simply a matter of audience. Latin was suitable for an international audience of scholars, whereas English reached a socially wider, but more local audience.

    Hence, popular science was written in English. Latin was suitable for an international audience of scholars, Whereas English reached a socially wider, but more local audience.

    You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions which are based on Reading Passage 3 below. Making of Olympic Torch A Every two years, people around the world wait in anticipation as a torch-bearing runner enters the Olympic arena and lights the cauldron.

    The symbolic lighting of the Olympic flame marks the beginning of another historic Olympic Games. The opening ceremony is the end of a long journey for the Olympic torch. The ancient Greeks revered the power of fire. In Greek mythology, the god Prometheus stole fire from Zeus and gave it to humans. The Greeks held their first Olympic Games in B. The Games, held every four years at Olympia, honored Zeus and other Greek gods. A constantly burning flame was a regular fixture throughout Greece.

    At the start of the Olympic Games, the Greeks would ignite a cauldron of flame upon the altar dedicated to Hera, goddess of birth and marriage. B The flame was reintroduced to the Olympics at the Amsterdam Games. A cauldron was lit, but there was no torch relay. The first Olympic torch relay was at the Berlin Summer Games and it was not introduced to the Winter Olympics until the Games. It was lit that year not in Olympia, Greece, but in Norway, which was chosen because it was the birthplace of skiing.

    But since the Olympics at Innsbruck, Austria, every Olympic Games — Winter and Summer — has begun with a torch-lighting ceremony in Olympia, Greece, followed by a torch relay to the Olympic stadium. Designing an Olympic Torch C The torch starts out as an idea in the mind of a designer or group of designers.

    Several design teams submit proposals to the Olympic Committee for the opportunity to create and build the torch. The team that wins the assignment will design a torch that is both aesthetically pleasing and functional. A torch can take a year or two to design and build. And once the torch has been built, it must be tested rigorously in all kinds of weather conditions. His design provided the basis for all future torches.

    Since then, designers have tried to create a torch that represents the host country and the theme for that Olympic Games. D The torch must then be replicated … and replicated. Anywhere from 10, to 15, torches are constructed to accommodate the thousands of runners who carry them through each leg of the Olympic relay.

    Each runner has the opportunity to purchase his torch at the end of his leg of the relay. Olympic Torch fuel E The first torch used in the modern Olympics the Berlin Games was made of a thin steel rod topped with a circular piece from which the flame rose. It was inscribed with a dedication to the runners. The torch must stay lit for the entire length of its journey. It must survive wind, rain, sleet, snow, and a variety of climates desert, mountain, and ocean.

    For fuel, early torches burned everything from gunpowder to olive oil. Some torches used a mixture of hexamine a mixture of formaldehyde and ammonia and naphthalene the hydrogen- and carbon-based substance in mothballs with an igniting liquid. The first liquid fuels were introduced at the Munich Games. Torches since that time have carried liquid fuels — they are stored under pressure as a liquid but burn as a gas to produce a flame.

    Liquid fuel is safe for the runner and can be stored in a lightweight canister. The torch designed for the Atlanta Summer Olympics has an aluminum base that houses a small fuel tank. As fuel rises through the handle, it is pushed through a brass valve with thousands of tiny openings.

    As the fuel squeezes through the small openings, it builds pressure. Once it makes it through the openings, the pressure drops, and the liquid fuel turns into gas for burning. The tiny holes maintain a high pressure in the fuel to keep the flame going through harsh conditions. F The torch was fueled by propylene, which produced a bright flame. But because propylene contains a high level of carbon, it also produced a lot of smoke — not a plus for the environment.

    In , the creators of the Sydney Olympic torch came up with a more lightweight, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly design. To fuel their torch, they decided on a mixture of 35 percent propane the gas used to heat home stoves and barbecue grills and 65 percent butane cigarette lighter fuel , which ignites a strong flame without making a lot of smoke.

    It then burns as a gas under normal atmospheric pressure. The liquid fuel is stored in an aluminum canister located about halfway up the torch.

    If flows up to the top of the torch through a pipe. Before leaving the pipe, the liquid fuel is forced through a tiny hole. Once it moves through the hole, there is a pressure drop, causing the liquid to turn into gas for burning. The torch moves the liquid fuel at a consistent rate to the burner, so the flame always burns with the same intensity.

    The torch can stay lit for about 15 minutes. G The engineers behind both the and torches adopted a burner system that utilized a double flame, helping them to stay lit even in erratic winds. The external flame burns slowly and at a lower temperature than the internal flame. This flame is big and bright orange, so it can be seen clearly, but it is unstable in winds.

    The interior flame burns hotter, producing a blue flame that is small but very stable because its internal location protects it from the wind. It would act like a pilot light, able to relight the external flame should it go out.

    The glass stood for purity, winter, ice, and nature. Also inside the glass was a geometric copper structure which helped hold the flame.

    The Olympic torch, as Olympic Committee requested, is carefully designed which takes years to design and build so that it is capable of withstanding all kinds of 27………………….. The torch used in the modern Olympics which is to hold the 28…………………… And the torch must then be copied and thousands are built as demanded by the thousands of runners who carry them through.

    Each runner has the opportunity to 29…………………… his torch at the completion of his journey of the relay for memorial and as for souvenirs.

    Match the following statements as applying to different Olympic flames A-H. NB There are more choices than questions. You may not need all the choices.

    Ieltsfever Academic Reading Practice Test 2 Answers

    This situation only changed after when scientists associated with the …set about developing English. An early scientific journal fostered a new kind of writing based on short descriptions of specific experiments. Keywords: afterassociated, developing English. There was strong competition between scientists in Renaissance Europe. At the same time, however, scholars also began to test and extend this knowledge.

    The emergent nation states of Europe developed competitive interests in world exploration and the development of trade. However, there is no information about competition between scientists in the passage.

    IELTS Reading Practice Test 50 with Answers

    Scanning is to read a text rapidly to find specific information such as figures, names, etc. Moving on to the next section, here are the steps to help you get the high band you're aiming for in reading: Skim the passage - Skim the passage to know what the general idea behind the passage is.

    Read the question and identify the type of question - Each question falls under a question type this is elaborated further down the page. Read the question and identify which question type it belongs to. Remember the technique behind the question type - Each question type follows a strategy which helps us find the answers easily also explained further down. Recall the technique and find the answer according to it. Find the keyword - Each question would have a keyword that can be found somewhere in the passage.

    Discover this keyword and locate the keyword in the passage. Read around the keyword - Once you've located the keyword, read around the keyword i. Learn to guess the meaning - Know how to guess the meaning from the context given in the passage.

    Write the answer - Find the answer and write it down. Move on to the next question quickly, as we don't have much time. A torch can take a year or two to design and build. And once the torch has been built, it must be tested rigorously in all kinds of weather conditions. His design provided the basis for all future torches. Since then, designers have tried to create a torch that represents the host country and the theme for that Olympic Games.

    D The torch must then be replicated … and replicated. Anywhere from 10, to 15, torches are constructed to accommodate the thousands of runners who carry them through each leg of the Olympic relay. Each runner has the opportunity to purchase his torch at the end of his leg of the relay.

    Olympic Torch fuel E The first torch used in the modern Olympics the Berlin Games was made of a thin steel rod topped with a circular piece from which the flame rose. It was inscribed with a dedication to the runners. The torch must stay lit for the entire length of its journey. It must survive wind, rain, sleet, snow, and a variety of climates desert, mountain, and ocean.

    For fuel, early torches burned everything from gunpowder to olive oil. Some torches used a mixture of hexamine a mixture of formaldehyde and ammonia and naphthalene the hydrogen- and carbon-based substance in mothballs with an igniting liquid.

    IELTS Reading

    The first liquid fuels were introduced at the Munich Games. Torches since that time have carried liquid fuels — they are stored under pressure as a liquid but burn as a gas to produce a flame. Liquid fuel is safe for the runner and can be stored in a lightweight canister. The torch designed for the Atlanta Summer Olympics has an aluminum base that houses a small fuel tank. As fuel rises through the handle, it is pushed through a brass valve with thousands of tiny openings.

    As the fuel squeezes through the small openings, it builds pressure. Once it makes it through the openings, the pressure drops, and the liquid fuel turns into gas for burning. The tiny holes maintain a high pressure in the fuel to keep the flame going through harsh conditions.


    Crowdmapping ielts reading answers