Nineteenth century paperback literature ielts reading answers


  • Academic IELTS Reading Test 78 Answers
  • IELTS Reading Practice Test 81 with Answers
  • Children’s Literature IELTS Reading Answers
  • ( Update 2021) CAMBRIDGE IELTS 8 READING TEST 3 ANSWERS – Free Lesson
  • IELTS Reading Practice Questions- Finding Information in the Passage | Understanding the Black Hole
  • Academic IELTS Reading Test 78 Answers

    The damage caused to US golf courses and golf players by lightning strikes. The effect of lightning on power supplies in the US and in Japan. A laser technique used in trying to control lightning strikes.

    Only paragraphs 1, 3 and 4 are not about the use of lasers. The other 7 paragraphs all give information about the laser technique. Does considerable damage to buildings during thunderstorms. The first paragraph refers to the problem when thunderstorms strike.

    Kills or injures mainly golfers in the United States. Kills or injures around people throughout the world. Damages more than American power companies.

    Lightning caused damage costing American power companies more than million dollars a year, but there was no information relating to how many companies were damaged. Are using the same techniques The technique used in research at the University of Florida is firing rockets into thunder clouds, and the technique of the University of New Mexico is to use lasers to discharge lightning. Are employed by commercial companies. Are in opposition to each other. EPRI receives financial support from….. The advantage of the technique being developed by Diels is that it can be used….

    The main difficulty associated with using the laser equipment is related to its…. The laser is no nifty portable….. Diels is trying to cut down the size…. This means that the main difficulty of using the laser is that it is not easy to carry or to move. Diels is trying to cut down the laser to the size of a small table. This means that once the laser is able to create a line of ionization, it could then be directed at storm clouds in order to control electrical charges.

    In paragraph 5, the technique using lasers is mentioned as the way to discharge lighting safely. Therefore, in comparison to rockets, using laser techniques is less dangerous than using rockets in order to control electrical charges. That means in order to protect the laser, it is firstly directed at a mirror, not pointed straight at the clouds.

    Power companies have given Diels enough money to develop his laser. Key words: power companies, Diels, enough money, develop laser. Obtaining money to improve the lasers will depend on tests in real storms. Key words: Money, improve the lasers, depend on, real storms. That means Diels hopes his system can interact and affect weather, but there is no information about the interest of weather forecasters in his system.

    Truly gifted people are talented in all areas. That means they are unable to be talented in all areas. The talents of geniuses are soon exhausted. That means genius is inherited from people in their families. People never appreciate true genius. Gifted people develop their greatness through difficulties. Genius will always reveal itself. Therefore, it is not always true that genius is recognized or reveals itself.

    So, studies failed to take into account the education and health of the circumstances of children from a range of social classes — the social norms. Nineteenth — century studies of genius lacked both objectivity and proper scientific approach. This means that in the 19th century studies could not be conducted using an objective and scientific approach.

    Studies only became more objective and scientific in the 20th century. A true genius has general powers capable of excellence in any area. Key words: true genius, general powers, excellence in any area. The skills of ordinary individuals are in essence the same as the skills of prodigies. Key words: skills of ordinary individual, the same as, the skills of prodigies.

    This means that the skills of prodigies are similar to those of ordinary people, but their achievements are much greater.

    The ease with which truly great ideas are accepted and taken for granted fails to lessen their significance. Key words: truly great ideas, accepted, taken for granted, fails, lessen their significance.

    This does not minimise the supremacy of their achievements…. Giftedness and genius deserve proper scientific research into their true nature so that all talent may be retained for the human race. Key words: giftedness and genius, deserve, scientific research, true nature, talent, retained for the human race In the passage, there is no reference to scientific research relating to what genius really is, in order for all talent to be retained. This means that we may feel jealous because some geniuses become famous.

    However, they did not achieve this fame without a lot of hard work and determination to succeed. There is no reference to whether all the personal costs — restrictions on their personal lives, demands on their time and energy, for example — are worth the reward of becoming a genius. Questions 27 — 32 The difference in aging of objects and living organisms is that ageing of objects must occur according to the laws of physical chemistry and of thermodynamics and living organisms actually become older without ageing.

    This means that we should think of the ageing process in the same way as an internal, biological clock functioning until death.

    Paragraph F The main idea of paragraph F is the effect of energy consumption on life span. Therefore, people or animals consuming a lot of energy have an intensive life, but not a long life. Objects age in accordance with principles of…. This means that, thanks to mutations, organisms have new characteristics which may allow them to adapt better to the environment. Key words: pose, serious problem, theory of evolution.

    Immortality poses a problem for evolution — there would be no new life with a possibility of better characteristics. The wear and tear theory applies to both artificial objects and biological systems. Key words: wear and tear theory, artificial objects and biological systems. In paragraph B, the writer answers this question.

    Within seven years, about 90 per cent of a human body is replaced as new.

    IELTS Reading Practice Test 81 with Answers

    Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2? High in the French Pyrenees, some 1,m above see level, lies Trimouns, a huge deposit of hydrated magnesium silicate — talc to you and me.

    Talc from Trimouns, and from ten other Luzenac mines across the globe, is used in the manufacture of a vast array of everyday products extending from paper, paint and plaster to cosmetics, plastics and car tyres. But the true versatility of this remarkable mineral is nowhere better displayed than in its sometimes surprising use in certain niche markets in the food and agriculture industries. Take, for example, the chewing gum business. Every year, Talc de Luzenac France—which owns and operates the Trimouns mine and is a member of the international Luzenac Group art of Rio Tinto minerals —supplies about 6, tones of talc to chewing gum manufacturers in Europe.

    Because of this, long term allegiance to a proven suppler is very much a feature of this sector of the talc market. PatrickDelord, an engineer with a degree in agronomics, who has been with Luzenac for 22 years and is now senior market development manager, Agriculture and Food, in Europe, explains that chewing gums has four main components.

    It binds all the ingredients together, creating a soft, smooth texture. To this the manufacturer then adds sweeteners, softeners and flavourings. Our talc is used as a filler in the gum base.

    The amount varies between, say, ten and 35 per cent, depending on the type of gum. Fruit flavoured chewing gum, for example, is slightly acidic and would react with the calcium carbonate that the manufacturer might otherwise use as a filler. After the olives are harvested-preferably early in the morning because their taste is better if they are gathered in the cool of the day — they are taken to the processing plant.

    There they are crushed and then stirred for minutes. The oil and water are then allowed to settle so that the olive oil layer can be decanted oft and bottled. This may be attributable to the particular species of olive, or to its water content and the time of year the olives are collected—at the beginning and the end of the season their water content is often either too high or too low.

    These olives are easy to recognize because they produce a lot of extra foam during the stirring process, a consequence of an excess of a fine solid that acts as anatural emulsifier.

    The oil in this emulsion is lost when the water is disposed of. Not only that, if the waste water is disposed of directly into local fields—often the case in many smaller processing operations—the emulsified oil may take some time to biodegrade and so be harmful to the environment. One such promising new market is fruit crop protection, being pioneered in the US. Just like people, fruit can get sunburned. In fact, in very sunny regions up to 45 percent of atypical crop can be affected by heat stress and sunburn.

    To combat this, farmers normally use either chemicals or spray a continuous fine canopy of mist above the fruit trees or bushes. The trouble is, this uses a lot of water—normally a precious commodity in hot, sunny areas—and it is therefore expensive. So in order to have a viable product we needed a wettable powder—something that would go readily into suspension so that it could be sprayed onto the fruit.

    It also had to break the surface tension of the cutin the natural waxy, waterproof layer on the fruit and of course it had to wash off easily when the fruit was harvested.

    Apple growers are the primary target although Hunter believes grape growers represent another sector with long term potential. He is also hopeful of extending sales to overseas markets such as Australia, South America and southern Europe. Questions Use the information in the passage to match each use of talc power with correct application from A, B or C. A Chewing gum manufacture.

    But the true versatility of this remarkable mineral is nowhere better displayed than in its sometimes surprising use in certain niche markets in the food and agriculture industries. Take, for example, the chewing gum business. Every year, Talc de Luzenac France—which owns and operates the Trimouns mine and is a member of the international Luzenac Group art of Rio Tinto minerals —supplies about 6, tones of talc to chewing gum manufacturers in Europe.

    Because of this, long term allegiance to a proven suppler is very much a feature of this sector of the talc market.

    Children’s Literature IELTS Reading Answers

    PatrickDelord, an engineer with a degree in agronomics, who has been with Luzenac for 22 years and is now senior market development manager, Agriculture and Food, in Europe, explains that chewing gums has four main components. It binds all the ingredients together, creating a soft, smooth texture. To this the manufacturer then adds sweeteners, softeners and flavourings. Our talc is used as a filler in the gum base.

    The amount varies between, say, ten and 35 per cent, depending on the type of gum. Fruit flavoured chewing gum, for example, is slightly acidic and would react with the calcium carbonate that the manufacturer might otherwise use as a filler. After the olives are harvested-preferably early in the morning because their taste is better if they are gathered in the cool of the day — they are taken to the processing plant. There they are crushed and then stirred for minutes.

    The oil and water are then allowed to settle so that the olive oil layer can be decanted oft and bottled. This may be attributable to the particular species of olive, or to its water content and the time of year the olives are collected—at the beginning and the end of the season their water content is often either too high or too low.

    These olives are easy to recognize because they produce a lot of extra foam during the stirring process, a consequence of an excess of a fine solid that acts as anatural emulsifier. C Primordial black holes are thought to have formed in the early universe, soon after the big bang. Stellar black holes form when the center of a very massive star collapses in upon itself.

    This collapse also causes a supernova, or an exploding star, that blasts part of the star into space. Scientists think supermassive black holes formed at the same time as the galaxy they are in. The size of the supermassive black hole is related to the size and mass of the galaxy it is in.

    However, scientists can see the effects of its strong gravity on the stars and gases around it. When a black hole and a star are orbiting close together, high-energy light is produced. Scientific instruments can see this high-energy light. As gas from the accretion disk spirals into the black hole, the gas heats to very high temperatures and releases X-ray light in all directions.

    NASA telescopes measure the X-ray light.

    ( Update 2021) CAMBRIDGE IELTS 8 READING TEST 3 ANSWERS – Free Lesson

    Astronomers use this information to learn more about the properties of a black hole. E Black holes do not wander around the universe, randomly swallowing worlds. They follow the laws of gravity just like other objects in space.

    The orbit of a black hole would have to be very close to the solar system to affect Earth, which is not likely.

    IELTS Reading Practice Questions- Finding Information in the Passage | Understanding the Black Hole

    If a black hole with the same mass as the sun were to replace the sun, Earth would not fall in. The black hole with the same mass as the sun would keep the same gravity as the sun.

    The planets would still orbit the black hole as they orbit the sun now. F The sun does not have enough mass to collapse into a black hole. In billions of years, when the sun is at the end of its life, it will become a red giant star. Then, when it has used the last of its fuel, it will throw off its outer layers and turn into a glowing ring of gas called a planetary nebula. Finally, all that will be left of the sun is a cooling white dwarf star.

    Questions Reading passage 1 has six paragraphs, A-F. Match the following information to their respective paragraphs. Read the passage carefully and after reading the passage and the questions, highlight the answers you spotted easily. Step 2: Spot Keywords For the answers you did not find, go through the passage again paragraph by paragraph.


    Nineteenth century paperback literature ielts reading answers