List 10 importance of ict pdf


  • What are the uses of ICT in education?
  • Importance of information technology in today world
  • 20 HUGE Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom.
  • ICT In Schools: 10 Pieces of Equipment for Every Classroom
  • What are the uses of ICT in education?

    Technical consultant Uses Of Information Technology We can see the uses and role of of information technology in our society in many fields: Business Since the arrival of computers, the entire face of the business world has been changed. To run the different departments of business swiftly, use of Information Technology is important and it is possible with computers and softwares. The use of information technology can be seen in departments such as finance, human resources, manufacturing, and security.

    Education Technology enables teachers to be up to date with new techniques and help their students to be updated with latest technologies such as use of tablets, mobile phones, computers, etc.

    Information technology not only helps students to learn new things but also helps students of college dropouts. Finance Information Technology opens the doors for traders and common people to do online purchases.

    Banks keep records of all the transactions and accounts through computers. Unlike before, now the transactions and other deals have become faster and easier.

    Healthcare With Information Technology, the field of medicine and health has been seeing tremendous improvements. For doctors, sending and receiving information, checking patients, and discussing with other experts have become very convenient. Also, it reduces the time taken in paperwork. Security Online transactions and keeping records of all the online transactions are now more safe than earlier times.

    Only proper management and a person responsible for the system can access the data online. It prohibits any random person from checking the details. All these have been made possible by keeping the system passwords proof. Only permissible authority can access your information.

    Communication With improvements in information technology, globalization has increased. Information can be shared quickly and easily from all over the glob, and barriers of linguistic and geographic boundaries can be torn down as people share ideas and information with each other. Employment With Information Technology, new jobs have been introduced.

    It creates new jobs for programmers, hardware and software developers, systems analyzers, web designers and many others. Information Technology has opened an entirely new fields and thousands of jobs for IT professionals. Benefits Of Information Technology Information technology has changed our lives drastically. You are only a single click away from everything. So here is a list of the benefits of information technology in our lives and also there is a need of the Information Technology in every field.

    With the advancement in IT, one can access the system of the company from any place. It is not necessary for the authority to be in the office only. They can submit their work from home as well. There is a huge demand for IT professionals in various fields.

    The demand opens an immense opportunity for IT professionals to explore the field and show their talent. The IT field offers people to work for computer programming, system analysis, testing, software and hardware development, web application design etc. With the advancement of information technology, the education field has transformed its outlook and has adopted a modern way of teaching and learning. Teaching on the blackboard is now an old thing. Teachers and institutions are using modern gadgets to teach their students.

    A computer with an internet connection helps students to learn new things and understand the topics easily and deeply. Information technology helps patients as well.

    They can now connect with physicians and take advice online. Also, there are many virtual healthcare applications available to provide guidance. Electronic health records and tele-medicines are delivering efficient and quality health to patients.

    In the technology world, with information technology, the drawback of time and distance in business activities has been removed. Now, buying and selling are too easy. Customers can buy online from their locals and international vendors as well. With wireless communication mediums, news broadcasts have become so easier. Only a few seconds are needed to know the news from any corner of the world.

    Use of the internet on mobile phones, tablets, laptops, iPods, and other gadgets has been offering us unlimited access to entertainment mediums. People can watch movies or new songs on OTT platforms. With the Information technology, communication between people has become cheaper, easier and faster than ever before. Texting, video calling, sending e-mails are so easy nowadays.

    There are so many apps available online to provide these services. With the Information technology, we have seen and understood the meaning of globalization. Today, the world is on one platform and there are no physical barriers between nations. FAQs Why do we need information technology? Customer demands for secured maintenance files and all is made possible by IT.

    Why is information technology important in our daily lives? Technology offers various tools to boost development and to exchange information. Both these things are the objective of IT to make tasks easier and to solve many problems.

    Is information technology a good career? Career in Information Technology offers a secured job and growth with a good salary. Getting a degree in information technology does not only prepare specialists of IT with good salary and job security as well. What kind of degree is information technology? The Bachelor of Science in IT is a common degree pathway every student must have. What is the role of information technology in education? Information Technology enables the sharing of knowledge throughout the world.

    With IT today, not only students but teachers too are taking advantage and staying up-to-date. For accurate sharing of knowledge and information, teaching and learning, information technology is important. Read Also: 6 Ways how technology changing the face of education If you are an online course seller and want to sell your course online, then Digital Class is the perfect platform for you.

    Digital Class is an E-Learning Marketplace which connects students and teachers from all over the world. You can publish your course for selling here for free. Apart from this, Digital Class also provides you a personal support manager, who helps you in course publishing, selling and marketing.

    A major event is precisely the closure of schools and the transition to online learning which undoubtedly highlighted the importance of the ICT sector. A global concern is also the efficiency of online teaching and learning methods for pupils and students. In this regard, we have significant differences in the economic development of countries.

    Low-income countries are also expected to face barriers to online learning imposed by the pandemic as a result of insufficient development of the sector of Information and Communication Technology ICT. The method used to achieve the aim of this paper is an online questionnaire that is distributed using social media.

    Open Access Library Journal, 8, For a very short time, a deadly virus annihilated even the world power countries making them all equal to fight this challenge. In December , a viral outbreak of pneumonia of unknown origin occurred in Wuhan, China. The whole world was in deep panic when the World Health Organization declared this deadly virus as a pandemic worldwide in March specifically on March 11, The pandemic caused many surprises in every aspect of life. This deepened the panic of the society by imposing insecurity for any kind of social action taken by them.

    There are a number of studies that have been dedicated to the impact of the COVID Pandemic in every sphere of life including economy, social, health, education and other aspects. In principle, the purpose of any government has been to protect the health of citizens and then all measures have been adapted to prevent the spread of the virus SARS-Cov2.

    In the framework of these measures, were also the immediate measures to stop physical attendance in schools and to switch the teaching process from traditional to online trying to use different online platforms and communication tools.

    The closing of schools that was imposed by the COVID Pandemic and the shift to online learning has undoubtedly required a mutual commitment between the government, educational institutions, teachers and parents, thus imposing the use of ICT.

    This mutual communication has been a challenge for all participants, especially for pupils and parents. Online learning caused great confusion among pupils in primary schools, mainly small age groups of children have faced great difficulties during the interruption of traditional learning and switching to distance learning due to the fact that they find it difficult to understand isolation, social distance, digital learning platforms and so on.

    In this prism we can also emphasize the deep gap created between children living in urban and rural areas, excellent pupils and those with average or poor performance, but also pupils who have parents with academic experience and those who do not have this experience.

    We can conclude that less challenging the online learning has resulted for students for the sake of their age and continuous use of technology and digital devices.

    Online learning has also been challenging for teachers due to the fact that they have necessarily to be trained in new ways of creating online and interactive learning. To what extent it has been possible to conduct such training in the case of Kosovo or elsewhere in developing countries is a topic itself that requires additional research.

    The situation is more complicated for parents especially for working parents to follow their children during online learning and also maintain working hours. The transition from traditional to online learning in the case of Kosovo as a developing country has certainly resulted in many challenges for the government, educational institutions, students and parents.

    Educational institutions suddenly have to adapt to the new way of learning which differs from the traditional approach where students meet at school and have direct communication to the distance learning.

    Educational institutions by decision of the Government to protect the welfare of pupils and students from the spread of the COVID, were obliged to close and continue with online learning. The logistics of implementing online learning are determined by the schools themselves, meaning there was no strict guideline on which online platform should have been used by educational institutions.

    Thus, there was no single uniform strategy from the government but in most cases, especially for children, different approaches such as course scheduled public television broadcasting and through photos on social networks were used, excluding the cases when students attended online lessons on various platforms of direct connection via Google platforms or ZOOM. In this regard, some questions are raised such as how much governments spend on ICT; how much they have supported the growth and training of IT staff to help use digital equipment and platforms for online learning; how much teachers have been trained and how students have been educated about online learning etc.

    Distance learning is the biggest challenge for parents due to the fact that working parents find it difficult to follow the performance of the child. Thus, it is obvious that we will have differences in performance between exemplary students, average ones and those with poorer academic performance. Taking into consideration participation levels, we are aware that distance learning has impacted more the students with average and poor level of performance compared to the exemplary ones.

    No matter the tool that is used for online learning and regardless of the digital devices that are used, this difference will be even more pronounced when students return to attend the schools physically. For this and many other reasons, Kosovo as a developing country is facing many challenges in this regard. Current school closures have added to the time that most students already spend at home during the summer months without explicit face-to-face instruction from teachers.

    Meanwhile, teachers are scrambling to adapt content for an online platform and parents are juggling work responsibilities if not joblessness with caring for and educating their own children. Students themselves are faced with isolation, anxiety about a deadly virus, and uncertainty about the future.

    In so many ways, the current situation is unprecedented for most of the people Soland, et al. Radical changes followed as a result of the deadly virus that alarmed the world. Thus every government tried following the guidelines of the world health organization WHO took immediate measures to prevent the spread of the virus and to keep it under control.

    The measures that were generally taken in almost every country were the closure of borders, the restriction of the movement of citizens, wearing of masks, the preservation of personal and collective hygiene and social distancing.

    However, in certain states and countries, the quarantine of entire cities was imposed, a wide range of economic activities were closed, suspending every sphere of life in order to prevent the spread of the virus. The immediate decision to close schools and universities aroused the greatest panic among the citizens. School closures due to COVID have left over a billion students out of physical attendance in schools. Governments are pursuing a variety of approaches to mitigate school closures.

    The closure of schools posed a series of dilemmas over the utilization of different methods for implementing online learning and their effectiveness. An extraordinary discussion has taken place on the platforms that can be used for online learning and obviously here we have conjecture on how effective they can be taking into account the economic development of countries in the world.

    Farrington, [6]. In this regard, each country has taken measures based on economic and technological capacities, always based on suggestions from the World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health of the respective countries. Concretely, every crisis, be it economic, political, etc. In this context, the COVID Pandemic has significantly deepened the inequality among students from several perspectives, the first has to do with the possibility of access to online learning due to technology, the second has to do with the capacity of students to gain knowledge through online learning and the third students with lower intelligence will always have difficulty gaining solid knowledge through online platforms.

    These three segments significantly deepen the inequality caused during online learning. Regarding the ILO Sectorial Brief Report, teachers and schools have been creative in adopting a variety of technology-based strategies as alternatives to the traditional classroom, providing lessons through videoconferencing and online learning platforms and sharing learning materials and worksheets through school-based intranets and messaging platforms, in some countries radio programs and national television are being used to broadcast school lessons and educational materials, particularly in under-resourced areas that may be lacking in technological infrastructure International Labor Organization ILO , [8].

    Also a big dilemma is how many working students would like to attend online lessons. A paradox in this regard may lie in the fact that distance learning allows students to access from any place with any digital platform when only internet access is enough and on the other hand different researchers see access to learning as an obstacle if students are engaged with work. Information from ILO projects to eliminate child labor indicates that school children who had been in or were at risk of child labor are less likely to access distance learning.

    In such disadvantaged communities, the quality of distance learning, usually low-tech or notech, may be poor. The risk that school systems will experience high rates of drop out, during the pandemic and in its aftermath, and that child labor will increase is clear International Labor Organization ILO , [8]. However, no matter how developed a country is in the economic sense or the ICT sector that is seen as necessary for online learning in times of pandemic, school dropout is a huge loss.

    The COVID pandemic has caused the largest disruption of education in history, having already had a near universal impact on learners and teachers around the world, from pre-primary to secondary schools, technical and vocational education and training TVET institutions, universities, adult learning, and skills development establishments United Nations, [2] [9]. Which means without the support of these players the success of online learning is indisputable.

    School dropouts are considered a major shortcoming in gaining knowledge for students. First, there is evidence showing that quarantined students tend to spend less time learning compared to when schools are open; second, many students confined at home due to COVID may feel stressed and anxious, and this may negatively affect their ability to concentrate on schoolwork and third, physical school closing and the lack of in-person contact may make students less externally motivated to engage in learning activities.

    One of the few benefits from this current situation that is being caused by the COVID Pandemic is the possibility that through the opportunities that the ICT sector offers, the educational institutions moved from traditional to online learning quickly in accordance with the imposed conditions and thus enabled online learning for all students.

    Regarding ICT sector in Kosovo according to the Presentation by PwC North Macedonia, the curriculum of the education system tertiary education does not a meet the needs and requirements of IT companies, which negatively affects the competitiveness of local IT companies, also specialized formal and training-focused education programs are necessary to increase the skill set of local IT graduates and professionals PricewaterhouseCoopers PwC , , p.

    This shows that the majority of the population has access to internet and uses it for a wide range of needs. We can conclude that students in Kosovo do not encounter problems in accessing the internet thus it does not affect the online learning in time of COVID Research Methodology The COVID pandemic forced every country in the world to close a large number of activities among others alienated the most unexpected form of learning for all school closing.

    The main purpose and focus of this study is to identify how the COVID pandemic affected online learning and how students perceive the success of the forms used by higher education institutions to realize distance learning.

    In order to achieve this goal, an extensive international and national literature and an adequate research method have been used to achieve the goal. The data that is used in this research is primary data. As a research method to gather the primary data the online questionnaire was used. The online questionnaire has concretely made it possible for this scientific research to respect the confidentiality of the respondents and of course the preservation of social distance.

    The questionnaire was distributed on social networks dedicated to pupils and students. The results are interpreted through tables. Data Analysis and Results In this section we will go through interpretation of the results including descriptive statistics, frequencies, Pearson Correlation and Chi-Square Test of Independence. Table 1 present descriptive statistics of the main variables including residence of the respondents, age of the respondents and if they are a student in primary school, secondary school, bachelor or master students.

    From the total number of the respondents we have a standard deviation for the gender 0. More descriptive statistics can be found in Appendix. As we noted that the data used in this research is primary data that we gathered using online questionnaire we will present the respective findings. From all the respondents, of the respondents were female and of the respondents were male. Regarding the question about where the respondents live, what we can notice is that the majority of the respondents live in the city of them and only 45 of them live in the rural areas.

    Concerning the respondents age, in the age 6 - 14 we have in total 64 respondents, aged 15 - 19 we have in total respondents, 20 - 25 we have respondents, 26 - 35 we have 93 respondents and aged 36 - 45 we have in total 97 respondents. From the total number of the respondents answered that they were notified in advance about the methods of online learning, of the respondents answered that they do not have any information related the online learning methods and 69 of them have no comment about this issue.

    A large Table 1. Descriptive statistics of the main variables. Regarding the digital devices that the respondents have used to attend the online learning, we have a large number of the respondents exactly of the respondents which have used a laptop device, 68 of the respondents used smart phones, 40 of the respondents have used a desktop computer, 23 have used tablet and 22 have chosen the option other.

    Regarding the question if the respondents have had access to internet that was inalienable for attendance of online learning in period of COVID pandemic, of the respondents have had always internet access, of the respondents sometimes did not have internet access and only 52 of the respondents answer that in very rare cases they do not have internet access. Thus we can conclude that internet access is not a problem for students to attend online lessons regularly in case of analysis.

    And 69 of the respondents answer that they attend the online learning via Viber or social media including Facebook and Instagram. From the total number of the respondents answered that private educational institutions in case of Kosovo are in advantage with online learning over public ones, answered no and had no comment.

    In regards to test the relationship between conceptual variables in this research we have also used the Pearson Correlation, also known as a Pearson Coefficient that measures the relationship between two variables. After the discussion of the conceptual variables we will interpret now the relationship between them based on the Pearson Coefficient Table 2. Pearson correlation. In Table 3 we present the cross tabulation between two variables: 1 the age of the respondents exactly the question: Your age if completed by the parent, please specify the age of the child and 2 the variable or the question: Do you think that private educational institutions in Kosovo are in advantage in online learning over public ones.

    Related the age of the respondents in a sample of , 24 of the respondents aged 6 - 14 respond to the question: Do you think that private educational institutions in Kosovo are in advantage in online learning over public ones-yes, 24 no and 16 neutral in total Respondents aged 15 - 19, 68 of them responded yes, 8 of them responded no and 46 had no comment in total The respondents aged 20 - 25 in total are from whom 54 responded yes, 32 responded no and 38 responded with no comment.

    The respondents aged 26 - 65 which are in total 93, from whom 40 responded yes, 38 responded no and 15 had no comment. From the respondents aged 36 - 45 in total we have 97 respondents from them 29 responded yes, 53 no and 15 responded with no comment.

    Students can also use mobile applications to access a vast array of eBooks, pdf and other online materials. In-classroom internet research allows teachers the added benefit of teaching students how to effectively search for reliable content rather than using content they find that is not aimed at the appropriate level.

    Technology offers new learning techniques. Engagement can be increased by introducing varied learning methods and because of the ever-increasing amount of educational mobile apps, you can do just that with ease and without a huge cost as many apps are free for students to download.

    Research into learning theories suggests that games and puzzles, that many apps use, can stimulate brain activity.

    Importance of information technology in today world

    Apps can enable teachers to decrease their paperwork. As you engage more students through classroom apps and by using EdTech in teaching and learning, the more data you will collect. Thus you will be able to achieve a better work-life balance. Primarily this data can be used to gauge the learning difficulties faced by the student and modify the instructions to then customise the learning for a better outcome. The data collected by the mobile app can demonstrate how a pupil is progressing.

    Big Data is an example of a programme that is currently used by large mobile app development companies to quickly identify subjects that are hard to grasp and students that are struggling within lessons. Classroom Apps can benefit parents. Technology in the classroom is not exclusively beneficial to the students and teachers, it can also be beneficial to parents, particularly in the sense of parent-teacher interaction. For a variety of reasons, regular physical interaction between parents and teachers is becoming increasingly difficult.

    However, classroom apps provide one way of tackling this problem. Parent-teacher communication apps help in facilitating teacher responses to the queries from the parents regarding the development of their child. Why Positive Communication with Parents is Essential. Along with tracking progress, there are apps such as those in the Google Suite Google Docs, Google Sheets, Google Slides which allow working documents to be shared electronically they can all be easily brought together through Google Classroom.

    These can be shared between student and parent for their carer to read through and offer advice on when they get the chance. Students can utilise their downtime. Most parents can relate to the image of a child begging to have more time on the iPad! These apps allow for a compromise in which the child is happy to be playing on their mobile device whilst the parent can be guilt-free knowing their child is learning and learning new skills.

    Classroom apps are better for the environment. Another aspect of mobile learning is one which benefits the wider world. Millions of trees are cut down every year to make paper resources for classrooms. If all schools were incorporating Edtech in teaching and learning where possible it would drastically reduce this damage to the environment.

    20 HUGE Benefits of Using Technology in the Classroom.

    Of course, we must recognise the importance of younger children learning to write with pen and paper but perhaps secondary school pupils could move to a more technological-based approach to their learning and recording. Technology in school can be used to keep staff and pupils alike updated and connected. There are some apps which can send out alerts about events, timetables, and other important information.

    Educational apps are the best way for children to stay connected with their teachers as they can send direct messages and get quick responses. Apps can also allow you to carry out educationally related payments such as lunch money and library fines.

    It saves the effort to stand in a queue and pay the fees for various purposes at school. Also, attendance-management apps can record the attendance of students, making it easier for both teachers and parents to keep track of the attendance of the children in their care.

    Similarly, apps can decrease the communication gap between pupils and the school; they can inform them about everything from new schedules to after-school activities. Class calendars are a great way for teachers to share anything from the homework assignments to planned in-class activities. With a Google Calendar and Google Classroomstudents can sign in and check the class information from anywhere — avoiding any stress about missing a task or homework project!

    You can even include parents in the calendar so they can see what their children are meant to be working on. The safety of students in school is, of course, a very high priority and technology can be used — if there is a dangerous situation on the school site — by school authorities to quickly alert students via their mobile devices and keep them away from the hazardous area.

    Also, it can make it easier for students to record suspicious behaviour on the school campus anonymously. Apps can ensure that homework and assignments are no longer lost or forgotten. Google Docs automatically saves the content practically every time changes are made to a document, so even if your computer bursts into flames, all your hard work is safe and sound in a digital storage facility.

    Indeed, some schools have already adopted the system where students turn in their papers in a strictly digital format. Teachers can even set up push notifications to send their students reminders to do their homework. Forgetting to do homework is common in students and smart notifications can go a long way to remind students towards their academic duties.

    Therefore, it is clear reminders could prove useful in helping students achieve their academic goals by prompting them to do more revision. In fact, app developers confirm that push notifications are one of the best ways to get students to engage with educational apps. Classroom apps enable teachers to further differentiate their teaching. With a class of pupils all with their own individual needs, it is very difficult for the teacher to engage with each individual in every lesson.

    This of course results in some students losing track in a lesson or struggling to grasp new topics having not mastered the previous one. However, when a student utilises ed-tech tools inside or outside of class, their time interacting with it is all their own.

    They can learn at their own rate as that session is dedicated to them and not multiple students at a time. Education apps bmw f30 dipstick collaboration between students. Technology also offers lots of opportunities for collaboration between students in the classroom. For example, by using Google Drive and Google Docs in fact any of the Google Suitestudents can work on the same document together at any time.

    Google also offers another great way for students to collaborate with one another: Hangouts. Technology encourages collaboration between students in the classroom, in thier city and even across the globe. With the advancement in IT, one can access the system of the company from any place.

    It is not necessary for the authority to be in the office only. They can submit their work from home as well. There is a huge demand for IT professionals in various fields.

    The demand opens an immense opportunity for IT professionals to explore the field and show their talent. The IT field offers people to work for computer programming, system analysis, testing, software and hardware development, web application design etc.

    With the advancement of information technology, the education field has transformed its outlook and has adopted a modern way of teaching and learning. Teaching on the blackboard is now an old thing. Teachers and institutions are using modern gadgets to teach their students.

    A computer with an internet connection helps students to learn new things and understand the topics easily and deeply. Information technology helps patients as well. They can now connect with physicians and take advice online.

    Also, there are many virtual healthcare applications available to provide guidance. Electronic health records and tele-medicines are delivering efficient and quality health to patients.

    In the technology world, with information technology, the drawback of time and distance in business activities has been removed.

    Now, buying and selling are too easy. Customers can buy online from their locals and international vendors as well. With wireless communication mediums, news broadcasts have become so easier.

    Only a few seconds are needed to know the news from any corner of the world. Use of the internet on mobile phones, tablets, laptops, iPods, and other gadgets has been offering us unlimited access to entertainment mediums. People can watch movies or new songs on OTT platforms.

    With the Information technology, communication between people has become cheaper, easier and faster than ever before. Texting, video calling, sending e-mails are so easy nowadays. There are so many apps available online to provide these services.

    With the Information technology, we have seen and understood the meaning of globalization.

    ICT In Schools: 10 Pieces of Equipment for Every Classroom

    Today, the world is on one platform and there are no physical barriers between nations. FAQs Why do we need information technology?

    Customer demands for secured maintenance files and all is made possible by IT. Why is information technology important in our daily lives? Technology offers various tools to boost development and to exchange information. Both these things are the objective of IT to make tasks easier and to solve many problems. Is information technology a good career? Career in Information Technology offers a secured job and growth with a good salary. Getting a degree in information technology does not only prepare specialists of IT with good salary and job security as well.


    List 10 importance of ict pdf