Mal ke sath blood aana


  • What is Blood in Stool
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  • Falling Swaying Vertigo patients may also complain of nausea, difficulty in focusing on moving objects, headaches, change in hearing or ringing in the ears, and difficulty in concentration. Their symptoms can come and go and can range from a few seconds to minutes, hours, even days. Vestibular Neuritis Vestibular Neuritis is caused by a viral infection leading to inflammation of the vestibular nerve.

    The inflammation disturbs the balance function and causes dizziness. The dizziness symptom is accompanied by blurred vision, nausea, vomiting and difficulty in focusing during head movement. Vestibular Rehabilitation should be started at the earliest to help attain rapid recovery. Otolithic Disorders Damage to the otolith organs utricle and saccule cause disequilibrium of the body and affects visual stability. Until recently, there was no precise method to check the impairment of otolith organs.

    Otolith stimulation through vestibular rehabilitation therapy works well in treating the disorder. The most common presentation of a migraine is headaches. But in a vestibular migraine , the patient has dizziness which may be associated with headaches. A severe headache coupled with dizziness indicates a vestibular migraine.

    Along with the spinning sensation associated with headaches, motion sickness and hypersensitivity to light and sound prominently show up in the patient. A vestibular migraine is controlled with diet and lifestyle modifications. In cases of frequent dizzy spells, migraine prophylaxis is prescribed. BPPV The unusual movements of carbonate crystals from their chamber into fluid-filled semicircular canals disturbs the way the balance nerve senses gravity and adjusts its movement.

    The result is vertigo or the sensation of spinning. BPPV is a common cause of vertigo. It is seen more frequently in the older population, after an ear infection, head injury, surgery or after prolonged rest. But often the trigger is unknown. The canalith repositioning exercises are the best method to cure dizziness caused by BPPV in which the offending particles are repositioned according to the type of BPPV by manoeuvres like Epley Manoeuvre, Semont Manoeuvre etc.

    Labyrinthitis The infection causes labyrinthitis in the labyrinth of the inner ear leading to vertigo, hearing loss and tinnitus. The difference between labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis is; in labyrinthitis both vestibular and cochlear nerves are affected and cause dizziness, ringing in the ear and hearing loss.

    While in Vestibular neuritis only vestibular nerve is affected leading to vertigo but the hearing ability is not affected. Labyrinthitis causes severe dizziness bouts that may last for days!

    Vestibular suppressants may be prescribed by the doctors to treat dizziness and its associated symptoms, for a very short duration of 3 to 5 days. Vestibular rehabilitation should be started at the earliest to ensure rapid recovery. Perilymph Fistula Dizziness, fullness in the ear, vertigo spells are the symptoms of perilymph fistula.

    A small tear in the fluid-filled inner ear causes fluid to leak into the middle ear. This leakage disturbs the equilibrium and leads to vertigo spells, especially when the patient does straining activities or coughs vigorously.

    This condition may also lead to tinnitus and hearing loss. Videonystagmography VNG and vestibular examination help diagnose the presence of the perilymph fistula. Vestibular Paroxysmia The compression of the vestibular nerve due to an inflamed blood vessel, radiation, surgery, or vestibular neuritis may cause vestibular paroxysmia.

    Microvascular compression is the most common reason for vestibular paroxysmia. The patient may have frequent short spells of vertigo episodes recurring throughout the day. Natural coughing or sneezing can trigger dizziness in this condition.

    These patients have an extreme sensitivity to loud sound. The treatment for SSCD is to avoid actions which aggravate dizziness. Surgical repair of the bony dehiscence is advocated for lasting results. Mal De Debarquement Syndrome MdDS The patient experiences a continuous rocking or sense of motion as a result of long travel, either by ship or aeroplane. Some individuals may develop MdDs even without exposure to long travel. A thorough vestibular evaluation and studying the history of the patient can diagnose MdDS.

    Antidepressant medication is prescribed to treat the swaying sensation. Vestibular rehabilitation treatment is the best technique to treat MdDS. Virtual reality training is also advised for these patients.

    A tumour grows slowly, and hence the patient often does not notice the symptoms. However, it may prove life-threatening if a tumour grows big enough to press on the brain stem. Surgery and radiation are widely used methods to treat acoustic neuroma.

    Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in which the protective myelin shield of the nerve cells get damaged hampering signal transmission to the brain. Difficulty in focusing, visual problems, vertigo spells and unsteadiness are some of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis.

    Differential Diagnosis of the Causes Vertigo is not a disease in itself. There are various tests to diagnose vertigo and its cause. In the OPD, the doctor will look for any abnormal eye movements and ascertain that the ability to follow objects is normal.

    The doctor evaluates the involuntary eye-movements nystagmus of the patient. The rapid eye movements induced due to head manoeuvres by the doctor may suggest in which ear the problem lies. Advanced Vertigo and Balance Clinics across India use ultra-modern differential dizziness diagnosing devices to evaluate symptoms and severity of dizzy spells in real-time on an innovative assessment platform.

    The frequency and severity along with the associated symptoms need to be considered for appropriate treatment of each patient. But fortunately, vertigo is curable. It is essential to get timely treatment for vertigo, to get back to a healthy life as soon as possible. Vertigo is only a symptom.

    Diagnosis of the underlying cause using various diagnostic tests like VNG etc. Vestibular Rehabilitation Vestibular Rehabilitation exercises and Canalith Repositioning Manoeuvres are prescribed for appropriate Vestibular problems. Vestibular rehabilitation exercises are very useful in gaining balance, normalising visual disturbance and reducing dizziness in a short span of time.

    The type and side of BPPV are diagnosed, and then the recommended repositioning manoeuvre like Epley manoeuvre, Semont manoeuvre, Barbeque manoeuvre etc. Medications Medications are prescribed as the first line of treatment to control the severity of dizziness and the discomfort that accompanies it, such as nausea, fatigue, anxiety, vomiting, difficulty in focusing, visual disturbance etc. Often patients with Vertigo are given medicines like Vertin , Stugeron, Meclizine Hydrochloride, Stemetil etc which suppress the symptoms.

    Taking these medications for a prolonged duration is dangerous. They should not be given for more than 5 days. Surgery Surgery is advised for rare cases of vestibular disorders as inner ear surgeries are quite complex. Currently, we are the only one in India to do so. The exercises are designed to cater to various needs of vertigo patients, physically, physiologically and psychologically. Every patient is put on a customised Vestibular Rehabilitation therapy, keeping his condition, severity and other associated problems and medical conditions in view.

    Such regular review of treatment and response is necessary to provide quick and long-lasting relief to vertigo patients. Always consult your doctor before trying these measures. Read more about: vertigo exercises and home remedies.

    It is the passage of blood in the faeces. Blood in the stools may be of 3 types. There may be blood seen in the toilet after the passage of stool, on straining, or on wiping. This is known as Fresh blood. Fresh blood is usually seen when the bleeding is in the recto-anal region. There may not be blood seen as a red coloration but in fact, the color of the stools may become dark and black.

    This is known as Melena. Melena is seen when there is an upper gastrointestinal tract bleed viz. Esophagus food pipe , Stomach or Duodenum. Blood may not be visible to the naked eye in the stools but may be seen on microscopic examination.

    This is known as Occult blood. It is seen when there are small bleeds present anywhere in the entire intestine. Fresh blood and Melena can be seen by the patient but Occult blood is seen only after examination of a stool sample by a lab. The presence of any of these is surely indicative of some kind of gastrointestinal pathology.

    It is important to not ignore this and surely consult a doctor and do further investigations. Let us explain to you more about blood in stools in this article. What are the causes of Blood in Stool? What are the symptoms of Blood in Stool? What are the risk factors for blood in stool? How to diagnose Blood in Stool? What are the treatments for Blood in Stool? Blood in stools indicates that there is hemorrhage bleeding present at some level in the gastrointestinal tract.

    There are multiple causes for this which can be confirmed only with a thorough clinical examination along with investigations. Possible causes are as follows- 1 Anal lesions: Fissures- It is a tear in the lining of the anus Fistulas- It is the formation of an abnormal tract communicating with the rectum or anus Ulceration- Ulcer in the mucosa of the anus 2 Rectal lesions: Piles- Also known as hemorrhoids, are the dilatation and bleeding of the veins in the walls of the rectum and the anus Polyps- Small abnormal growths in the rectum that may bleed due to trauma Proctitis inflammation of the rectum Cancer.

    She also motivated other countries to invest more in technology and data to improve delivery of human capital services. PM was given a detailed briefing on the preparations for the upcoming programme.

    The Ehsaas targeted subsidies programme is on the anvil to save the underprivileged from inflation. The meeting was told that a mobile point-of-sale system has been developed for the programme in collaboration with Ehsaas and the National Bank of Pakistan. Ehsaas eligible families will receive discounts on grocery store purchases on specific items through this programme. PM directed to finalize the targeted subsidy programme soon. Finance Minister also attended the meeting via video link.

    Sania congratulated the Government of China, its people, and the Communist Party of China for achieving the MDG of poverty eradication, well ahead of time. Ehsaas has 19 social protection programmes for 14 vulnerable groups, and it is closely linked to agriculture and rural economy. With the Ehsaas National Socioeconomic Registry survey that stands almost complete, NDEP will facilitate data sharing and data access services for all executing agencies stewarded by Poverty Alleviation and Social Safety Division.

    Through Ehsaas NDEP, the executing agencies in ecosystem of Ehsaas will be able to see what benefits an individual or a household is getting by simply punching in the CNIC number of an individual. Sania Nishtar released a video on the social protection and poverty reduction initiatives of Ehsaas. According to the video message, preparations are also underway to upscale Ehsaas Tahafuz, Ehsaas Nashonuma and One Window Ehsaas operations across all districts of the country in the current fiscal year.

    Full video message can be watched here. Sania Nishtar released an official statement. Out of 1. Enabling 1. This programme is operational in in rural union councils of 23 poorest districts across the four provinces.

    Ehsaas Amdan assets include livestock, agricultural inputs, body of auto rickshaws, agriculture tools, and inputs for small retail enterprises. Chief Secretary KP was briefed on the One Stop Shop operations of Ehsaas which integrate all benefits and services for 14 different target groups in one space.

    Kazim Niaz. CS was also given a round of the different offices, outlets, and desks at the Ehsaas Center whereby he witnessed all one window operations and met with Ehsaas team and beneficiaries.

    Sania Nishtar was a chief guest on the occasion. The purpose of this gathering was to bring together parliamentarians, government, development partners, education experts and civil society advocates on one platform to pledge for SMART programs for out-of-school girls. Keynoting the event, Dr. Sania Nishtar, Dr. Prime Minister said that Health, Ehsaas and Kissan cards are among the foremost priorities of the government. He directed for early execution of Health, Ehsaas and Kissan initiatives of the government.

    He further added that these initiatives would provide a big relief to the marginalized segments. She also interacted with their mothers and took feedback on the education CCT programme. On the occasion, Dr. Sania also released an official statement.

    Development is simply not possible without women. This principle sits at the core of Ehsaas. The purpose of the visit was to create awareness on the programmes and initiatives of Ehsaas and get feedback of local communities and Ehsaas beneficiaries. She also visited various sites in the region to explore options for opening One Window Ehsaas Centers in Turbat and Mand.

    Sania while speaking to press media. The visit to South Balochistan followed the visit to Harnai. During her visit to Balochistan, Dr. Sania Nishtar, SAPM visited earthquake hit areas of Harnai today to assess the level of assistance needed from the federal government. Federal government will give Rs. Relief cash assistance will be mobilized under the Ehsaas programme. Sania while expressing solidarity with affectees.

    In Harnai, Dr. Earlier, Dr. Sania also visited District Hospital Harnai and met with those injured during the earthquake. Sania Nishtar convened a meeting with Commissioners and Deputy Commissioners from all districts of Balochistan. Provincial team of Ehsaas also joined the meeting.

    What is Blood in Stool

    Creating awareness about Ehsaas programmes, Dr. Sania also guided the DCs about the Ehsaas Digital portal that provides people centered instructional information of Ehsaas in Urdu. She also briefed about the Ehsaas web-portal that is accessible online for public to check their eligibility under Ehsaas.

    The district administrations of Balochistan ensured full cooperation for the opening of one window Ehsaas Centers in all the districts of the province. Incentivizedbranchless banking agents to work with the program by reducing taxes on commission earned from beneficiaries, thereby increasing doorstep banking services to elderly, persons with disability, and women.

    Taking to twitter, Dr. These principles have been developed by the United Nations-based Better Than Cash Alliance, guided by its member governments, companies and international organizations. Report can be accessed here. PM briefed on preparations of Ehsaas targeted commodity subsidies Oct 6, — Islamabad: Prime Minister Imran Khan was briefed about the ongoing preparations for the upcoming Ehsaas Targeted Commodity Subsidy programme.

    Prime Minister lauded the digital ecosystem being developed for Ehsaas targeted subsidy programme. He also lauded the special transparency measures being taken to ensure transfer of targeted subsidies solely to the deserving.

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    Under Ehsaas, commodity subsidies will be administered through Ehsaas database by a network of Kiryana stores. These targeted subsidies will be given on selected essential commodities.

    Independent evaluation recommends national scaleup of Ehsaas Nashonuma October 6, — Islamabad: Today, the Ehsaas Nashonuma steering committee reviewed results of an independent evaluation conducted by the Aga Khan University. The purpose of the research conducted was to understand how Ehsaas Nashonuma had influenced the health and wellbeing of beneficiaries along with the enabling and impeding factors related to the uptake of Ehsaas Nashonuma, the process, outcomes, and the flow of operations.

    Results were highly encouraging; the findings were supportive of the program focus on marginalized women, their financial empowerment and improved dietary knowledge. Speaking to the press, Dr. She took round of the facility and interacted with staff on duty. She also inspected the hygiene standards and quality of boarding and lodging facilities being provided at Panagah. Later, she also spoke to vendors in the adjacent market about the quality of Panagah services. PM briefed about the progress on new model Panagahs Oct 1, — Islamabad: Prime Minister directed to ensure that special care facilities were being provided to needy people seeking refuge in Panagahs.

    The directive came during Panagah briefing with Senator Dr. During the briefing, Prime Minister was told that while the formulation of a central advisory board for the shelter homes had been already completed, the formation of a four-member board for every Panagah was also underway.

    PM was given a rundown on the improvements and fresh measures were underway, including the installation of a digital monitoring system for every Panagah. Prime Minister while expressing his satisfaction over the progress of Panagahs directed to ensure their completion within the stipulated time.

    As part of the summit, the thematic session featured discussions on re-evaluating strategies and approaches to transitioning adolescents and young people to the formal sector; how actors and decision makers address exploitative labour practices such as child and forced labour in South Asia; and issues and solutions related to access of social protection and social dialogue for young workers; and the creation and promotion of decent work in the informal sector during COVID and beyond.

    At the session, Dr. Ehsaas Undergraduate Scholarship portal reopens Sep 30, — Islamabad: To receive fresh applications for the academic yearthe Ehsaas Undergraduate Scholarship portal has been reopened.

    The scholarship portal will be opened online till Nov 30, Newly admitted students of Fall session under year undergraduate degree programmes in any of the HEC recognized public sector universities are eligible to apply, if their family income is less than Rs. This academic year, 50, merit cum need based scholarships will be provided to deserving students.

    Fifty percent Ehsaas scholarships are reserved for girls. Strategic reflections were shared on the progress, challenges and opportunities in the situational and programme environment along with those on the long and successful partnership of One UN in Pakistan. At the meeting, Dr.

    The ceremony aimed to honour the contributions and services incurred by various partners and individuals under Ehsaas Rehribaan program. Presidents of U and Apna Banks also joined the event. Later, Dr. Sania distributed performance shields among high performers including Focal Person of Ehsaas Rehribaan, Administrator MCI, different officials, microfinance banks and representatives of the civil society.

    This was a quarterly session that McKinsey conducts with inspirational female professionals. In the session, Dr. Sania shared her experiences and learnings from Ehsaas. She spoke about the current work on social protection and poverty alleviation in Pakistan and her leadership experiences in the workplace as a woman.

    The conversation was followed by a question and answer session with participants. The event aimed to emphasize that in order for countries everywhere to thrive and build back better, women and girls must be given the same opportunities to grow, learn and contribute to the workforce as their male counterparts. At the event, Dr. Other eminent speakers on the panel were- Pascale A. Experts from Member States, WHO staff, persons living with NCDs and civil society leaders reflected on the last 10 years of progress, championing successes and opportunities for the NCD agenda over the coming decade, and how WHO is developing a forthcoming implementation roadmap for in support of achieving SDG target 3.

    The event convened global leaders with a demonstrated commitment to tackling the multidimensional effects of the pandemic on the lives of people living in poverty. Alongside Siddhar malai. It offers an axiomatically articulate performance management tool, which tracks progress across hundreds of initiatives and gives an overview of how different regions, institutions, and target areas are advancing.

    Speaking about the collaboration, Dr. The Board deliberated upon various important agenda items related to the Ehsaas cash transfer programmes being executed by BISP. Many important decisions were taken by members of the Board. Ashfaque Hasan Khan attended the meeting.

    Members participated in the meeting both physically as well as virtually. Sania Nishtar secret roku Prime Minister Imran Khan to brief him on the existing state of Panagahs and about the comprehensive plan prepared under Ehsaas for their improvement.

    Nishtar informed the PM that a comprehensive project has been prepared and is ready for implementation in three phases to bring about improvement in the existing Panagahs. Prime Minister was further informed that a four-member Board would also be constituted to look after the administrative affairs of each Panagah and a digital dashboard would be developed to facilitate the monitoring of Panagahs.

    Talking to Dr. Sania, PM said special emphasis should be given to the Panagahs where the people throng the most. PM also directed to ensure early establishment of Panagahs to provide better facilities to labourers. To receive new applications for the academic yearthe online portal will remain open for next two months. Sania stressed on the need for timely payments to students so that they do not have to take loans. She also instructed HEC to strictly reprimand universities who do not pay students on time and those who deduct money from the Ehsaas scholarship stipend amount on account of other expenses.

    The meeting was attended by a large number of UN member states. In her keynote address, Dr. Earlier, Permanent Representative of Pakistan Ambassador Munir Akram, in his welcome remarks highlighted the need for universal social protection. The World Bank as technical partner of the Group highlighted the significance of social protection instruments all over the world.

    During the event, several countries supported Pakistan for taking a leadership position on universal social protection. Full footage can be watched here. The panel included senior policy makers and representatives from governments, tech entrepreneurs, academics, and civil society representatives from South Asia. The discussions explored the ways converging technologies can overcome regional barriers, promote cross-country collaboration to support recovery from COVID and other shocks, and build human capital and adaptable resilience in South Asia.

    He opened the latest Panagah in the Bakra Peri area of Lyari. Speaking on the occasion, the Governor said that the network of Ehsaas Panagahs was being expanded in the country to provide free of charge lodging facilities and meals to daily wage-earners, labourers and other destitute people.

    She briefed the PM on the forthcoming digital monitoring of Ehsaas Panagahs. To-date, 22 Panagahs have been opened nationwide, under the Ehsaas umbrella. She also apprised the PM on the progress of other Ehsaas programmes and initiatives. Vestibular Paroxysmia The compression of the vestibular nerve due to an inflamed blood vessel, radiation, surgery, or vestibular neuritis may cause vestibular paroxysmia.

    Microvascular compression is the most common reason for vestibular paroxysmia. The patient may have frequent short spells of vertigo episodes recurring throughout the day. Natural coughing or sneezing can trigger dizziness in this condition. These patients have an extreme sensitivity to loud sound. The treatment for SSCD is to avoid actions which aggravate dizziness. Surgical repair of the bony dehiscence is advocated for lasting results.

    Mal De Debarquement Syndrome MdDS The patient experiences a continuous rocking or sense of motion as a result of long travel, either by ship or aeroplane. Some individuals may develop MdDs even without exposure to long travel.

    A thorough vestibular evaluation and studying the history of the patient can diagnose MdDS. Antidepressant medication is prescribed to treat the swaying sensation. Vestibular rehabilitation treatment is the best technique to treat MdDS. Virtual reality training is also advised for these patients. A tumour grows slowly, and hence the patient often does not notice the symptoms.

    However, it may prove life-threatening if a tumour grows big enough to press on the brain stem. Surgery and radiation are widely used methods to treat acoustic neuroma. Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in which the protective myelin shield of the nerve cells get damaged hampering signal transmission to the brain. Difficulty in focusing, visual problems, vertigo spells and unsteadiness are some of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis. Differential Diagnosis of the Causes Vertigo is not a disease in itself.

    There are various tests to diagnose vertigo and its cause. In the OPD, the doctor will look for any abnormal eye movements and ascertain that the ability to follow objects is normal. The doctor evaluates the involuntary eye-movements nystagmus of the patient.

    The rapid eye movements induced due to head manoeuvres by the doctor may suggest in which ear the problem lies. Advanced Vertigo and Balance Clinics across India use ultra-modern differential dizziness diagnosing devices to evaluate symptoms and severity of dizzy spells in real-time on an innovative assessment platform.

    The frequency and severity along with the associated symptoms need to be considered for appropriate treatment of each patient. Blood may not be visible to the naked eye in the stools but may be seen on microscopic examination. This is known as Occult blood. It is seen when there are small bleeds present anywhere in the entire intestine.

    Fresh blood and Melena can be seen by the patient but Occult blood is seen only after examination of a stool sample by a lab. The presence of any of these is surely indicative of some kind of gastrointestinal pathology. It is important to not ignore this and surely consult a doctor and do further investigations. Let us explain to you more about blood in stools in this article.

    What are the causes of Blood in Stool?


    Mal ke sath blood aana