Bulk substrate recipe psilocybe coco coir


  • Bulk Substrates
  • What is the best substrate for Cubensis?
  • How To Grow Magic Mushrooms, Monotub Tek
  • Kilindi Iyi
  • How to Grow Mushrooms
  • Bulk Substrates

    Leave at least 5 cm from the base without holes. Drill the holes on the marks to the full size of the mm step drill. The plastic in many of these types of boxes are quite brittle, so the step drill allows a slow increase in size—standard drill attachments have a tendency to cause the plastic to fracture.

    A really quick but toxic alternative is to use a soldering iron to melt the holes. Cover all the holes with micropore tape to allow airflow, but to stop unwanted spores or insects. Fill the tub with perlite so that it is approximately 5 cm deep—sitting just below the lowest holes—and add enough water so the perlite becomes moist, but does not float on a layer of water. You can add a small amount, mL of three percent hydrogen peroxide solution to help keep the perlite clean—while perlite is inert and contains no nutrients, in time you may see algae growing on the perlite.

    Read: How to Take Shrooms The moist perlite will maintain the necessary humidity for the mushrooms to grow. Fungi breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide CO2. As CO2 is heavier than air, the holes in the container will allow the CO2 to seep out of the holes near the base and fresh air to be drawn in to replace it—lifting the lid and using it to fan the tray every day is advised.

    Mushrooms need regular fresh air, so remember to use the lid to fan the container at least twice a day. Mycelium is at its strongest when the substrate is fully colonized, it realizes there is no more food and begins the process of digesting the substrate to produce mushrooms.

    Initially, the PF tek used organic rye berries rye seeds but later simplified to use brown rice flour and vermiculite. The substrate is sterilized in wide-mouthed canning jars by steam sterilization, tyndallization, or pressure cooking, with a layer of dry vermiculite as a filter to keep out competing bacteria and fungus.

    The first thing you need to do is prepare your jars—make sure they are clean. Next, you will need to prepare the metal lids—you will need to nail four holes into the lids, large enough to fit the syringe needle with a little wiggle room, but not too large as it may increase the chances of contamination. PF Tek: Step By Step Measure out separately vermiculite, brown rice flour BRF , and gypsum so that they are at a ratio of vermiculite: brown rice flour: gypsum —we provide links for brands we like above.

    Pour water slowly over the vermiculite that you have in a large bowl while stirring with a spoon. By stirring as you pour, this will help the vermiculite soak up an equal amount of water. Be careful only to add as much water as can be absorbed by the vermiculite.

    For each jar, screw on the lid and cover with a piece of foil. Use only approximately 5 to 10 cm of water at the bottom—depending on the size of the jars. For the pressure cooker, follow the instructions on usage. With the steam sterilization technique, you may find you have to add some water to the pot during steaming due to evaporation. Using a large pot to steam sterilize the jars will not guarantee all the contaminants are killed. Keep a close eye on the jars in this scenario.

    Sterilize the jars, run the pressure cooker for 45 minutes or the pot for 90 minutes and let cool. Place the jars in your pre-prepared SAB and mist with 70 percent alcohol. For each jar, remove the foil and inject 0. Use a torch lighter or gas stove to heat the needle of the syringe til it is red-hot.

    Wait a few seconds for it to cool between each injection. Either while waiting for the needle to cool or when you have inoculated the jar seal the injection holes with micropore tape. Once inoculated, you need to keep the jars warm while the mycelium grows—skip forward to the mushroom incubation section for more information.

    Essentially, you bulk out your spawn to increase your yield. When you want to attempt a bulk grow, mason jars or ordinary jars are ok as you will be breaking up the myceliated substrate to mix with the coco coir.

    Regular jars are easier to find and a lot cheaper than mason jars. Wait a few seconds for it to cool. This is to get rid of contaminants. Gently inject 0. The tek is straightforward—you inoculate satchels of pre-cooked rice conveniently pre-sterilized using a spore syringe.

    Mushroom cultivation is a rapidly evolving field, and there are always problems to be solved—or shortcuts to be developed. Importantly, how to substitute expensive equipment, create growing environments, or how to grow mushrooms with limited resources—especially when starting or with a specific harvest in mind!

    Mushroom growing forums serve as great incubators for developing new ideas. The idea behind the Spiderman Tek first surfaced on the Shroomery and Mycotopia around How to Get Started with the Uncle Bens Tek The essential items for this tek are the satchels of pre-cooked rice, spore syringe, 70 percent alcohol, micropore tape, the flame lighter, and optionally, a Still Air Box.

    This technique is great for first-timers as it bypasses the need for cooking and preparing rice. In PF tek and most other teks, either a pressure cooker is involved, or Tyndallization, which is very wasteful of both time and energy—although effective.

    Most of the hard work has been done for you—all that remains is cleaning your area, and possibly making your spore syringe. Black Friday is Here! No coupon code required! Break up the rice through the bag trust me, I learned the hard way! Make sure you clean the satchel as you have everything else. There are two choices here: some teks recommend snipping off the top corner of the rice satchel, injecting the spores through the hole, and then sealing the hole with the micropore tape.

    The other option is to pierce the top of the satchel with the syringe, inject the spores, and then seal the hole with micropore tape. Regardless of which approach you take, use a torch lighter or gas stove to heat the needle of the syringe til it is red-hot.

    Wait a few seconds for it to cool, insert into the satchel, and gently inject 1 to 2 ml of the spore solution. Depending on how you made the hole seal it with micropore tape. You need to give them some time to start eating their food. This will usually take between two to four weeks, but sometimes can take even longer. You can create a simple incubator by purchasing a reptile heating mat, or horticultural heating mat, to make an incubation chamber using another plastic storage box.

    Make sure you use a thermostat controller to maintain a constant temperature. There are more complicated designs, but heating mats tend to make things easier to manage. Mushroom Contamination Keep an eye out for contamination. Contaminants are usually dark green, blue, or black. A lot of times folks will mistake bruising which is normal for contamination and vice versa. For help, check out our mushroom contamination guide here. Depending on where you live you may want to dispose of contaminated satchels or jar content straight into the bin, do not open them inside as that color that you see is the color of the spores and opening the satchel will distribute them.

    As the mycelium runs out of nutrients, it becomes weaker and more prone to contaminants. Casing layers are prone to contamination, so do keep an eye out for discoloration. Growing Mushrooms: After Colonization Once colonized, you can start growing your mushrooms. It is essential to mist and aerate on a regular daily basis. It is best to not mist directly onto the cakes or the mycelium. Mist the walls of the SGFC, or the outside of the rice satchels.

    At this stage, you will need the coco coir, perlite, and a suitable fruiting chamber. You can either use the shotgun fruiting chamber, or create something more sophisticated—which includes adding fans, timers, and humidifiers.

    The SGFC will suit smaller grows but in time as you increase the size of your grows you will find you need larger and more efficient fruiting chambers. When you can see mycelium at the bottom of the jar, wait a week to ensure full colonization. Mist the SGFC and aerate using the lid twice daily, and soon enough you should see primordia form, and then your mushrooms grow! When you can see mycelium at the bottom of the bag, break up the clumps a bit and then wait a week to ensure full colonization.

    In a large clean bowl, add some coco coir and boiled water and cover. The coir will soak up the water and expand. When it has cooled, wearing gloves, squeeze out the water. Before adding the coir, break up the colonized rice, then add a layer of coir. The satchel should maintain some humidity, and you can keep the satchel in the bathroom where it is humid or in an SGFC. If you do use the bathroom to fruit, mist the satchel twice daily.

    If you use an SGFC, mist and aerate using the lid twice daily, and soon enough you should see primordia form, and then your mushrooms grow. Using gloves, mix with coco coir using a ratio of coco coir to substrate.

    Then when well-mixed pour into clean plastic food storage containers or foil trays and gently pat flat. Then add a 1 cm layer of coco-coir on top. The increased surface area of the bulk layer allows for more primordia formation and hence more mushrooms. The process now is to wait, the coco coir will colonize with mycelium, and before you know it, primordia will form and baby mushrooms should appear and grow.

    In time the mushrooms will grow larger—when the caps open, the annulus the skirt drops, and you can see the gills, they are ready to harvest. Pick by pulling gently from the substrate, being careful not to pull up too much of the substrate or mycelium. Clean the base of the mushroom removing any coir or vermiculite that may be sticking to the flesh. It is best to pull whole clusters in one go. It may seem counterintuitive, but picking one from the cluster will disturb the remaining mushrooms, and they will stop growing.

    When you have removed all the mushrooms, let the cakes sit for a few days, then submerge them in clean water for 12 to 24 hours, remove and drain. Once drained of excess water, place them back on the foil islands to get a second flush, when you get another batch of mushrooms from the same cake. You can try for a third flush, but you will get fewer mushrooms than the second flush.

    What is the best substrate for Cubensis?

    Pour boiling water into bucket, put the lid on and let sit for 45 minutes. Once the 45 minutes are up open the bucket and stir the substrate. Put the lid back on and let sit for 3 hours. The bulk substrate is now ready for inoculation! The amount you will use varies with your monotub size and preferred spawn:substrate ratio. I like to stick with for fast colonization and decreased chance of contamination. After you get it mixed up well you can transfer it into the monotub.

    You will want to level out the substrate and make sure there isnt any loose spots around the edges. Check on it daily to make sure it is not drying out, if the walls of the monotub start to look dry you will want to mist with clean water. Colonization will take days. Open the tub as little as possible during this time. Light is not necessary to fruit mushrooms but I do like to let mine have ambient light while fruiting.

    The fungi will use more water while fruiting and you may need to mist more often. Time for the fun part!! The best way to store magic mushrooms is dehydration and then an airtight container. Standard food dehydraters work great for this purpose and I like dark glass jars. Congrats on taking things into your own hands and growing your own medicine. Remember that magic mushrooms are still illegal in most states.

    Psilocybin holds massive healing potential, and no governing power should be able to take away natural medicine. Magic mushrooms can open your mind, increase creativity, fight depression and addiction. Enjoy growing magic mushrooms and be safe!!! For those interested in the greater world of medicinal mushrooms there are lots of grow kits and Reishii is one of my favorites.

    I am Violently Tasty, I believe fungi are the future. Fungi have more potential to save humanity than anything else known to man, it is time the start utilizing them.

    How To Grow Magic Mushrooms, Monotub Tek

    The bulk substrate is now ready for inoculation! The amount you will use varies with your monotub size and preferred spawn:substrate ratio. I like to stick with for fast colonization and decreased chance of contamination. After you get it mixed up well you can transfer it into the monotub. You will want to level out the substrate and make sure there isnt any loose spots around the edges.

    Check on it daily to make sure it is not drying out, if the walls of the monotub start to look dry you will want to mist with clean water. Colonization will take days.

    Open the tub as little as possible during this time. A bulk substrate is a material used for the cultivation of mushrooms. A bulk substrate is combined with an inoculant, often in the form of grain spawn — which will colonise the substrate before fruiting. Mulch, straw and hardwood are the primary materials used as a bulk substrate.

    These are typically low in nutrient value to allow for the growth of the mycelium without encouraging the formation of competing pathogens. Substrates can be enriched with supplementation to increase the availability of nutrients, this will often lead to faster colonisation and higher yields. Supplemented substrates will often require sterilisation. Pre-cut organic sugar cane mulch can easily be obtained from most hardware stores and garden centres.

    Straw can easily be pasteurised with either hot water pasteurisation or cold water lime pasteurisation methods. Although some of these species may slowly colonise straw and sugar cane mulch, they still require a diet of hardwood to produce fruits. Often the easiest way to purchase hardwood is in the form of hardwood fuel pellets, often used for smoking meats available from barbecue supply stores.

    These pellets can be weighed and rehydrated with the appropriate amount of water. Alternatively ekologs compressed hardwood logs or sawdust direct from the timbermill can be used. Hardwood substrates are frequently heavily supplemented to assist with growth, for this reason they are usually heat sterilised.

    Kilindi Iyi

    You need to give them some time to start eating their food. This will usually take between two to four weeks, but sometimes can take even longer. You can create a simple incubator by purchasing a reptile heating mat, or horticultural heating mat, to make an incubation chamber using another plastic storage box.

    Make sure you use a thermostat controller to maintain a constant temperature. There are more complicated designs, but heating mats tend to make things easier to manage. Mushroom Contamination Keep an eye out for contamination.

    Contaminants are usually dark green, blue, or black. A lot of times folks will mistake bruising which is normal for contamination and vice versa. For help, check out our mushroom contamination guide here. Depending on where you live you may want to dispose of contaminated satchels or jar content straight into the bin, do not open them inside as that color that you see is the color of the spores and opening the satchel will distribute them. As the mycelium runs out of nutrients, it becomes weaker and more prone to contaminants.

    Casing layers are prone to contamination, so do keep an eye out for discoloration. Growing Mushrooms: After Colonization Once colonized, you can start growing your mushrooms. It is essential to mist and aerate on a regular daily basis.

    It is best to not mist directly onto the cakes or the mycelium. Mist the walls of the SGFC, or the outside of the rice satchels. At this stage, you will need the coco coir, perlite, and a suitable fruiting chamber.

    You can either use the shotgun fruiting chamber, or create something more sophisticated—which includes adding fans, timers, and humidifiers.

    The SGFC will suit smaller grows but in time as you increase the size of your grows you will find you need larger and more efficient fruiting chambers. When you can see mycelium at the bottom of the jar, wait a week to ensure full colonization. Mist the SGFC and aerate using the lid twice daily, and soon enough you should see primordia form, and then your mushrooms grow!

    When you can see mycelium at the bottom of the bag, break up the clumps a bit and then wait a week to ensure full colonization. In a large clean bowl, add some coco coir and boiled water and cover.

    How to Grow Mushrooms

    The coir will soak up the water and expand. When it has cooled, wearing gloves, squeeze out the water. Before adding the coir, break up the colonized rice, then add a layer of coir. The satchel should maintain some humidity, and you can keep the satchel in the bathroom where it is humid or in an SGFC.

    If you do use the bathroom to fruit, mist the satchel twice daily. If you use an SGFC, mist and aerate using the lid twice daily, and soon enough you should see primordia form, and then your mushrooms grow. Using gloves, mix with coco coir using a ratio of coco coir to substrate.

    Then when well-mixed pour into clean plastic food storage containers or foil trays and gently pat flat. Then add a 1 cm layer of coco-coir on top. The increased surface area of the bulk layer allows for more primordia formation and hence more mushrooms. The process now is to wait, the coco coir will colonize with mycelium, and before you know it, primordia will form and baby mushrooms should appear and grow.

    In time the mushrooms will grow larger—when the caps open, the annulus the skirt drops, and you can see the gills, they are ready to harvest. Pick by pulling gently from the substrate, being careful not to pull up too much of the substrate or mycelium. Clean the base of the mushroom removing any coir or vermiculite that may be sticking to the flesh.


    Bulk substrate recipe psilocybe coco coir